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and unbent from the fatigues of ftudy in their improving converfation.

The next event which it is neceffary to notice, is the death of his parents; an incident differently related by different authors. All agree that it was to him fudden and unexpected. But fome fay it was during his refidence at Tivoli, and prior to his appointment to the fee of Alba; while others inform us, that having attained the prelacy, he went in the enfigns of his new dignity, to pay them a vifit; and that instead of the happiness he had promised himself in presenting to them a fon raised by his merit to fo high a distinction, he learnt that they had both expired but a few days before. In either cafe, it may be fuppofed that this double catastrophe must have affected him with extreme regret. Of his fenfibility on this occafion, we may form the best conception, from the pathetic effufion he has confecrated to their memory. His grief on fo melancholy a privation was not leffened by the decease of his patron Leo, who died about the fame time: an event which at once clouded the profpects of our poet, and diverted the courfe of his ftudies from their former channel.

It happened, however, that in about two years, on the decease of Adrian VI. his old friend and fellow ftudent Clement ascended the papal throne. On this occafion, his Chriftiad, at the recommendation of the new pontiff, was refumed, and received when completed, with fingular approbation. On the 6th of February, 1532, as a recompence of his ingenious labours, he was presented to the bishoprick of Alba in Monferrat, vacant by the demise of his predeceffor Antonius Molus.

The two years fubfequent to this promotion, were paffed with Clement at Rome. But at the end of that period, he grew weary of the city, where he was unwilling to remain in indolence and inactivity; and feeling no difpofition to aspire after farther dignities, he betook himself to his diocese, and discharged, like an exemplary prelate, the duties of his office. No man ever lefs difappointed the public expectation. The virtues he had cherished in private, he brought forth into the world and displayed them without oftentation, to his own honour, and to the public utility. His manners were fimple; his piety genuine and unaffected. He was no lefs a pattern than a teacher, and as careful to fet a good example in

his own conduct, as he was zealous to difcourage vice in that of others. Some of the churches in his diocese he raised from the foundation; others he repaired and embellifhed. His utmost efforts were exerted for the profperity of his flock; and it might justly be faid of him, that he devoted both himself and his poffeffions to the interests of chriftianity and the glory of God.

Our prelate was no lefs a patriot than a chriftian. Though gentle and full of goodness; of the mildest temper and the most amiable manners, he was by no means deficent in fpirit; and he proved himfelf, on a trying occafion, a moft active and intrepid citizen. When Alba was befieged, during the war between Francis and the Emperor, the foldiers having deferted their station, and the enemy preparing to enter, Vida took upon him the office of general, rallied his fellow citizens; attacked the besiegers in turn; drove them from the walls, and faved the city.-What is no less to his honour, he for fome time fupplied the public with provisions at his own expence.

Distinguished as our author was by the rarest qualifications; fo benevolent in his temper, and fo attentive during a refidence of thirty-five years


to the interefts of his people, it is no wonder he was univerfally honoured and efteemed, and that his death, which happened on the 27th of Sept. 1566, and at the advanced age of ninety-fix, was generally and fincerely regretted. His remains, attended by an immenfe concourfe of fpectators, especially by the poor, whom he had constantly fed at his own table, were deposited with great folemnity in the cathedral of Alba. Some time after, his fellow citizens at Cremona, to which fee he had been elected just before his death, erected a handfome monument to his memory.

As the most trifling circumftances feem important that relate to men of eminence, it may per haps be not improper to add, that he was of a noble ftature and countenance; and that in his afpect sweetness was tempered with gravity.In Italy, medals were ftruck to his honour, having his head and name on one fide; on the reverse a Pegafus, with the infcription, Quos amarunt Dii: on other medals, non ftemma fed virtus. His portrait is to be found in many public repofitories; particularly in the library of the Grand Duke of Tuscany.

The poetical works of our author, fuch at leaft as he chofe to acknowledge, were collected in 1556, and accurately printed at Cremona, in two volumes. The firft contains Hymns on divine fubjects, and the Chriftiad, in fix books. In the fecond are the Poetics, in three books; the Bombyces, in two books; three Eclogues, and other detached pieces. His profe writings are Three Dialogues De Reipublica Dignitate, one book of Synodical Conftitutions, and an Epistle to Bartholomeus Botta, prefixed to his commentary on the Chriftiad. Several other pieces have been ascribed to him, but as he did not chufe to acknowledge them, they need not now be enumerated,

SOME there are who deny any merit to modern latinity; while others with more justice contend, that both here and on the continent, many pieces have been produced, that Virgil or Horace might have owned without a blufh. It is notorious, that modern compofitions have been imposed on the first scholars in Europe, as fragments of the moft celebrated ancients.

The estimation in which the claffics were held at the revival of letters, was followed by the


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