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But their vain malice was presently defeated; for, at midnight, PAUL and Silas praying and finging pfalms, the doors of the prison flew open, and their bonds were unloofed, attended by an earthquake, that shook the foundations of the prison. This

convulfion of nature roused the keeper, who, believing his prisoners were escaped, at firft in defpair was going to kill himself; but was afterwards converted, and baptized, with all his family; and the next day the magiftrates themselves came and prayed them to depart the city.

Hence ST. PAUL continued his journey towards the weft, till they came to Theffalonica, about an hundred and twenty miles from Philippi; where he difputed in the fynagogues of the Jews, mighti ly convincing them of the truth of his doctrine. Here he is again perfecuted, and obliged to fly, by night, to Berea, a city about fifty miles fouth of Theffalonica, and foon after he arrived at Athens where, endeavouring to convince the philofophers of their errors and delufions, and declaring unto them, that "Alvsos eos, unknown GOD, whom they had, under falfe notions, blindly worshipped, he converted Dionyfius, the Areopagite, and some others: and from thence paffed to Corinth, a very populous place, and famous for its trade. Here he found Aquila, and Prifcilla his wife, lately come from Italy, having been banished Rome by the decree of the emperor Claudius against all Jews; and, they being of the fame trade he himself had learned in his youth, that of a tent-maker, he wrought with them, that he might not be troublesome to the

new converts.

PAUL, after a stay of a year and fix months, de parted in a fhip from Corinth, and paffed to Ephefus, thence to fet out by fea towards Jerufalem, that he might be there at the feaft of the paffover.

Landing, therefore, at Cefarea, he went first to Jerufalem, and then down to Antioch, he came into


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the regions of Galatia and Phrygia, confirming the difciples in all thofe places. He then returned to Ephefus, and difputed daily in the school of Tyrannus, and continued preaching thereabouts, till Demetrius, a filversmith at Ephefus, raised a mob upon PAUL, who were appeafed by the town-clerk: but PAUL departed into Macedonia, to gather a contribution for the relief of the faints at Jerufalem. In his return out of Greece, he fails down the Egean Sea from Philippi to Troas in five days, and then coafted down to Affos and from thence to Mitylene. Next day they came over-against the ifle of Chios, and arrived the next at Samos; and the day after came to Miletus. Setting fail from Miletus, they came in a ftraight courfe to the small ifland of Coos, and the day following to the island of Rhodes, and from thence to Patara, the metropolis of Lycia, where they went on board another veffel bound for Tyre in Phanicia. Here they ftaid feven days; when, failing from Tyre, they ftaid a day at Ptolemais, and the next landed at Cefarea; from whence, in carriages, they went to Jerufalem.

Soon after PAUL was come to Jerufalem, he was apprehended in the temple, and fecured in the castle; where, claiming the privilege of a Roman, he escaped fcourging and afterwards pleaded his caufe before Ananias the high-prieft.

Next day, being again brought before the council of the Jews, when Claudius Lyfias, the Roman chief captain there, understood that above forty Jews had bound themselves under a curfe, neither to eat nor drink till they had killed PAUL, he sent him under a guard of two centurions, with two hundred foot foldiers, feventy horfe, and two hundred fpearmen, immediately away in the night, to Felix, governor of the province, before whom he was accufed by Tertullus the orator; and Felix, soon after going out of his office, to gratify the Jews left PAUL in prison.


Felix being fucceeded in the government by Portius Feftus, the Jews came to Cefarea to renew their complaints against PAUL, who answered for himfelf; but found it neceffary to appeal to Cafar *.

King AGRIPPA being then come to Cefarea, Feftus opened the whole matter to him; and PAUL made his defence in his prefence; who thereby is almost perfuaded to be a Chriftian, and the whole company pronounce him innocent; Agrippa declaring to Feftus, that he faw no reasonable objection to his release, except the impracticability of it after an appeal.

* This was a privilege belonging to Roman fubjects; that, upon any fufpicion of foul dealing, they had liberty to remove a cause out of an inferior court, and refer it to the judgment of the emperor in person.


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T being thus finally determined that PAUL should be sent to Rome, he was, with feveral other prifoners of confequence, committed to the care of Julius, commander of a company belonging to Cafar's own legion.

In September 56 or 57, he embarked on board a fhip of Adramyttium, and failed to Sidon. After a fhort stay, they failed from thence for Cyprus, and arrived at a place near Myra, a city in Lycia; where the centurion, finding a fhip of Alexandria bound for Italy, put into it the prifoners.

In which ship, being a flow failer, and the winds contrary, they were many days in getting against Cnidus. From whence, failing paft the isle of Rhodes, under the island of Crete, over-againft the promontory of Salmone, which they paffed with difficulty, they came to a place called the Fair Havens, nigh to the city Lafea in Crete; where, when much time

Now L'Andramiti, or Endramiti, a port near Troas.

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was spent, the winter being come in, and failing dangerous, PAUL, fearing not only the lofs of the fhip and lading, but also of their lives, admonished them to ftay. But the mafter of the ship being of a contrary opinion, and that haven not commodious enough to winter in, the centurion and the reft advised them to depart thence, to get, if poffible, as far as Phenice, another haven of Crete, on the fouth-weft and north-weft.

Having, therefore, a gentle fouth-weft wind, hoping it would do, they loofed from thence, and coafted by Crete. But not long after, rose a direct contrary wind, and a moft prodigious tempeft, which toffed them up and down in the Mediterranean for fourteen days and nights; when the mariners imagining they drew near fome land, they threw out their plumb-line to found, and found it twenty fathoms; going a little further, they found it but fifteen fathoms. Then, fearing they fhould fall on fome rocks, they caft out four anchors abaft, and let down the boat, under the pretence of cafting more anchors out of the fore-caftle; but their defign was to row off in the boat: which PAUL. perceiving, faid to the centurion and foldiers, If the failors go out of the ship, we are all loft. On which the foldiers immediately cut the ropes, and fet the boat adrift. At break of day PAUL, affuring them they would all fave their lives, eat himself, and perfuaded them, in all two hundred and feventy-fix fouls, to eat likewife, having now fafted fourteen days.

They then lightened the fhip by cafting the wheat, &c. into the fea. But when it was day-light, they knew not the land; however, they foon took up their anchors, loofed the rudder-bands, hoifted their main-fail to the wind, and made toward shore ;' when, falling into a place where two feas met, they ran the fhip aground; and the forecastle ftuck faft, but the hinder part was beat to pieces by the The foldiers would have killed their pri


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