The Nine Years' War and the British Army, 1688-1697: The Operations in the Low Countries
This is a description of how the Nine Years War affected the British Army, both in its actual operations in the theatre of war and in its size, operative capacity and costs. This war brought about radical changes in the sizes and the associated costs of the armies of Britain, France, Austria and the United Provinces in a relatively short period. For example, the size of field armies grew from an average of about 25,000 men during the Thirty Years' War to an average of about 100,000 men in 1695 during the Nine Years War. The costs of sustaining such huge field forces in terms of food, equipment and pay brought Britain and France, in particular, fiscal crisis and a shattered economy respectively, after the peace.
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The Nine Years' War and the British Army, 1688-1697: The Operations in the ...
No preview available - 1991
The Nine Years' War and the British Army 1688–97: The Operations in the Low ...
John C R Childs
No preview available - 2013
advance Allied army artillery assault attack August bastions battalions Beaurain Boufflers Brabant Brandenburg bridges Bruges Brussels camp campaign Canal cannon Castañaga cavalry Charleroi citadel Coehoorn command corps Courtrai covered CSPD D'Auvergne d'Humières defences Deynze Dinant ditch Dixmuyde dragoons Duke Dunkirk Dutch Elector of Bavaria Elector of Brandenburg Ellenburg enemy England English field Finch MSS fire Flanders flank foot forage forces fortifications fortress France French frontier Furnes garrison Ghent Grand Alliance Guards horse infantry Japikse July June kilometres Knokke Leuse Liège London Louis XIV Low Countries Luxembourg Maastricht Machado and Pereira main army major Meuse military Mons Moselle musketeers Namur Neerwinden Nieuport operations Ostend Philippeville position raids ravelin regiments reinforce Rhine River Sambre Scheldt siege soldiers Spanish Netherlands squadrons Steenkirk Tournai town troops United Provinces Vauban Vaudemont villages Villeroi waggons Walcourt Waldeck whilst William Württemberg