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or devils, whose wrath could only be turned away by bloody and cruel ceremonies. Science soothed and comforted him: she put into his hand the telescope, and brought these monsters of the sky into his home, tamed them, and they became agreeable visitants. She has not destroyed storms, volcanoes, and earthquakes; but she has taught us how to foretell storms, informed us where earthquakes are most likely to occur, and pointed out the natural causes that produce them.

There was a time when war was man's universal trade, and its curses came to every door; when whole regions were ravaged, and neither age nor sex was spared. Man's growth in intelligence and benevolence has assuaged its horrors; made distant nations. acquainted, and united them by the bonds of commerce; has given them peaceful pursuits, and promises in time to destroy all war, and usher in the reign of universal peace.

Man's intelligence does not enable him to cure all sickness; but it does better. It teaches multitudes how to prevent sickness, and will ere long instruct all, as it has already by the discovery of anæsthetics robbed pain of its terrors.

What is it that saves us now? It is a summer's evening: a dark cloud rolls its sable folds over the sky. Who shall save us from the bolt launched apparently for our destruction? It strikes: we are stunned; but that slender rod saved us: along it the fiery flash descended harmless to the ground. Franklin is our savior, and science instructed him.

The rain descends in unremitting showers. The heavens seem dissolving, and threaten to wash the land

into the sea. The river rises. Down go madly the rushing waters; away the piers of the bridge are swept; the bridge itself swings, sways for an instant, and is gone; its timbers are hurrying down the stream. The toll-house still remains, a frail island in the rushing river; but the waters are rising: they are washing away its foundations. See that boy on the housetop waving his handkerchief, a woman at the window, looking at the angry waters, and wringing her hands in despair! Hear the hoarse cries of the father as he calls for help! In vain is faith. Prayers, psalms, hymns, Bibles, can do nothing. Neither the virgin nor her Son can aid the perishing family, and we shudder as we see what must be their fate. But here comes a boat rowed by strong arms. They are saved! Children, mother, father, all are saved just as their home goes dashing down the boiling flood. What saved them? Science and benevolence, science, that taught men to build the boat; and benevolence, or kindly feeling, which is the heritage of humanity, of which no church has a monopoly; which the people called wicked by the Orthodox often manifest more strongly than those they consider most pious: these were the saviors of this family, as they are the great saviors of maukind.

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It is night: the last lamp has shut its eye, and calmly the stars look down on the sleeping city. Wrapped in soundest slumber we lie as the hours unconsciously fly. We are aroused by clanging bells: what a glare lights up the room! Hear the tramp of hurrying feet in the street below, and that most fearful cry of Fire, fire!" We follow the rushing throng. There is the building: how the flames lick it with their fiery


tongues, and then leap as if in ecstasy above their victims! How well it is, we think, that all have escaped! But they have not. Hear those screams, louder than the crackling fire. It is a mother's voice, "Save, oh, save my child!" The flames, like fiery serpents, are on every side, ready to devour her, and there is no prospect of escape. "O God," she cries in her anguish, save my child!



Hearts throb, and eyes are dim with tears. What is that rising through the smoke? A ladder! I hear the oath of the fireman, though I cannot see him, as he calls to his men. It is placed against the devoted building: the hose from a steam fire-engine play on each side of the window, and beat back the flames; and the arms of the kind-hearted, though rough-handed and rough-tongued fireman, bear mother and baby in safety to the ground amid the joyful shouts of the delighted spectators. They are safe! What saved them? Prayer, in her case, was powerless as the breath that utered it the salvation of the Christian, if trusted in, could but have paralyzed the arm of endeavor. What church would open its doors to the fireman that saved her? What future awaits him if Orthodoxy is to decide? Yet he was a savior: science aided him, benevolence impelled him. Intelligence and love, man's great deliverers in every age, they have cured a thousand ills under which we suffered in the past, and promise to cure or relieve all that remain.

Science has sunk wells in the desert, opened fountains by hundreds in the sandy waste, and made it blossom as the rose. It has dug mines innumerable, and brought up blessings from the flinty bosom of the

earth. It has clothed us, heated our apartments, and shorn winter of its rigor. It has robbed the small-pox, that terrible scourge, of its horrors, cleansed our cities, and said to the dreaded cholera, "Touch not my children, and do those who obey me no harm." Aided by benevolence, it has reformed our prisons, and banished the tortures that were so prevalent when the Church ruled the land, and the Bible was regarded as the fountain of all law. They have entirely changed. the character of our insane-asylums. Wretched creatures are no longer chained in bare rooms, and left in nakedness, filth, and cold, to howl and scowl their miserable lives away, as they were not a hundred years ago, but are treated with better sense and greater kindness, and generally restored to their friends in the possession of health of body and soundness of mind.

By railroads and steamships science is uniting us with all mankind in bonds so firm that war can never sever. Already we are shaking hands with China and Japan. The barriers are falling that our mutual ignorance erected; and in time we shall become so well acquainted with other nations, and our interests be se inseparably connected with theirs, that war will become impossible.

By physiology science is teaching us daily the laws. of health, and supplying us with motives to obedience ; and, wherever its instructions are heeded, the average duration of human life is increasing. By geology it has enabled us to discard the old biblical fables of the earth's and man's creation, and shown us the orderly development of organic beings during ages of which the Jewish cosmogonist never dreamed; and by phre


nology it has revealed to us the cause of the strong propensities to wrong-doing which some persons possess ; and thus, by placing a double guard where the danger was greatest, much evil has been nipped in the bud. In demonstrating to us that the basis of all intoxicating drinks is alcohol, and that this is an acrid poison, it has saved countless thousands from drunkenness and all its attendant evils, and it will in time banish it from the earth.

Science, or knowledge, does more: it robs death of its terrors. It has revealed to many of us a spirit in all organic existences, and its conscious, continued existence in man; and comforted millions by giving them the absolute assurance of life after death has destroyed the body. It says to the mourner, “Dry up your tears they are not dead, but born anew into a higher life. The earth claims the body; but that which you loved, the spirit that animated it, is yet in existence, and you shall meet again." It reveals no hell, it tells of no Devil, and shows the impossibility of both. It preaches no forgiveness, it is true; but it shows the possibility of outgrowing the effects of wrongdoing and how to enjoy by right-doing the bliss that invariably flows therefrom.

What is it, my brother, that curses you, and from which you wish to be delivered? There are but few evils from which a man cannot be saved in this life; and all that this life fails to cure, the next will, in my opinion, accomplish. "I am poor: my poverty troubles me.” Give me your hand, my brother: I have been just where you are, and I can sympathize with you. You can be saved. If there had been as

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