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High License a Failure.-Susan B. Anthony's Early
Efforts as a Temperance Worker.-Convention of the
National W. C. T. U.-Presiding Officers of the National
W. C. T. U.-Countries where the W. C. T. U. has
been Planted and Present National President of Each.
-Convention of the World's W. C. T. U.-Present offi-
cers of the World's W. C. T. U.—Temperance Instruc-
tions in Schools.-Prohibition Party Votes for President.
-Counties in Canada where Scott Act is Still in Force.

-History of the Plebiscite in the Dominion.-Sir Wil-

frid Laurier's Letter on the Plebiscite.-The Origin of

The Word Teetotaler.-Alcoholic Liquors Consumed in

the United Kingdom during the Century.-Interna-

tional Conference against the Abuse of Alcoholic

Liquors.-Prohibition Efforts in South Dakota.-Works

Dealing with Temperance in the Army.-Consumption

of Liquor in the United States during the Century.-

Principal Provisions of the Ontario Liquor Act of 1902. 471

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Wine hath the strength of fire when to man
It entereth in; and like Boreas

Or Notus, rolling up the Libyan sea

In mighty waves till all the depths lie bare,—
So doth it ever-set the minds of men.



WHENEVER the original of any peculiarly far-reaching depravity is enshrouded in mystery, it seems to be customary among Christians to charge it to the account of the Arabs. In this way, the origin of the word "alcohol" is ascribed to them. ably alcohol is the Chaldaic cohol (Hebrew kaal) with the Arabic intensifier al, and signifies the pure spirit. So high an authority as Samuel Hopewood credits this theory of the origin of the word. Gibbon in his Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire expresses the opinion that the Arabs first "invented and named the alembic for the purpose of distillation." This much, however, is well established: the


* Edouard Fournier, Melanges, Vol. III, p. 517.

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