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poison, by which impatient heirs delivered themselves from those who stood between them and the inheritance which they coveted, was called " poudre de succession."*

Do not these emphatic words apply to deaths, of daily occurrence, from alcoholic poison? How are these deaths represented, in most instances, in the papers? Do not coroners and their juries frequently return poisoning with alcohol, as deaths "by the visitation of God?" How dishonoring to Jehovah is this! How blasphemous to screen human guilt under the broad covering of Divine Sovereignty, instead of bringing the crimes home to the perpetrators of them-in most cases, the licensed dealers in wines and spirituous liquors, who bask in the sunshine of royal or republican indulgence.

The following extracts from the Alliance Weekly News, March 14th, 1857, tend to illustrate and confirm the truth of these observations:

824. John Knowles dies suddenly whilst " 'very drunk ;" was much in the habit of drinking rum, and used to suffer much after fits of drinking; yet the coroner's jury return a verdict: "Died from natural causes, by the visitation of God," February 25.

825. John Davis staggers home from the public house, quite drunk; while undressing, he falls backward and injures his spine, so that he dies from the effects. Verdict: "Accidental death," February 26.

When death is caused by neglect or carelessness, our juries make their verdict with a note of censure; but when grogselling has been the real cause, they are mostly willing to charge the blame on "accident,' or any other " scape-goat.'

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The doctrine being, I trust, established upon the basis, both of science and Scripture, that total abstinence from intoxicating drinks is the law of God, (as far as the portion of

"On the Study of Words." R. C. Trench, B. D. Published, &c., New York, 1855. p. 60.

revealed truth, already examined, have to do with it,) a glance may now be taken of some other portions of Holy Writ, relative to drunkenness. He (Noah,) drank of the wine, and was drunken, (poisoned,) and he was uncovered within his tent:" (Genesis ix, 21.) After uttering a memorable prophecy, in which Canaan was cursed, and Shem and Japhet llessed, Noah's light was extinguished; he is no more heard of in the Mosaic narrative, although he lived three hundred and fifty years after the flood. It appears, from the statement of the inspired historian, (verse 24,) that "Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him." Are we not to understand by this that Canaan, his grandson, was the individual who gave to him the poisoned cup?

May he not have been trained to wickedness by his father, Ham? He, evidently, had a very different character from the two other brothers, Shem and Japhet, for he saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers without; while, in contrast to his indecent and unfilial conduct, they "took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backwards and covered the nakedness of their father, and their faces were backward and they saw not their father's nakedness" (verse 23.) In connection with this, see Hab. ii, 15, where it is written: "Woe unto him that giveth his neighbor drink that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also, that thou mayest look upon his nakedness." Is not this the key to the explanation of the conduct of Noah, and his wicked son and grandson, Ham and Canaan? The curse came upon the descendants of both, and no doubt both took part in this base transaction.


It is here worthy of remark, that African slavery took its rise in an act of drunkenness! How many fathers, since those days, have taught their sons to be drunkards, and to revel in sensual indulgence, after the example of Ham and Canaan? How few, alas! have been imitators of Jonadab, the son of Rechab,

and have inherited a blessing from the Lord, because they obeyed the voice of their sire, and abstained from wine and strong drink according to his commandment. (Jeremiah xxxv, 5-8.) "They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken (brainpoisoned,) man :" (Psalm cvii, 27.)

"This is the effect of alcoholic poison, when taken in such quantity as to impair the functions of the deeper and posterior parts of the brain, connected with special sense and muscular power: "Thus sight and hearing are affected, the limbs grow weak and tottering, the head swims, the tongue refuses distinct articulation,―at the same time, intellectual excitement becomes more and more decidedly intellectual perversion, partaking of the nature of delirium; reason is at discount, and voluntary control placed more and more in abeyance."*

"Drink ye and be drunken, (poisoned,) and spue, and fall, and rise no more:" (Jeremiah xxv, 27.) How many wise, mighty, noble, yea, and religious men also, have fallen, never to rise again, beginning with the so-called moderate use of alcoholic liquors; and yet, men are found, and scientific men too, who hesitate not, with a face of no ordinary effrontery, to affirm, that "the drinking just so much as promotes the comfort and well-being of an individual, at any particular time, of which, each person must be his own judge, is temperate drinking." I envy not the man who could thus speak. I cordially concur with you, "That there is no such thing as 'temperate drinking.' That alcohol, in all its forms, is poisonous; that alcoholic drinks when taken (in health,) are always injurious; consequently there can be no temperance in the use of them (as a beverage in health,) any more than of arsenic; or, in other words, all use (as beverage in health,) is abuse."

May the following eloquent words of truth and soberness, which you have uttered, prove a salutary warning to all who

"Alcohol, its Place and Power." By James Miller, F. R. S. E., p. 15.

are disposed to listen to false-however palatable and speciousdoctrines of the advocates of moderate drinking, according to Dr. Hun's definition of it:

"The advocacy of downright drunkenness, in its most disgusting forms, would not be half so much to be deprecated as the advocacy of such moderate use of intoxicating poisons as you have authorized; which use imperceptibly, and by a necessity of nature, leads to drunkenness; and not half so much to be deprecated, because the advocacy of the former would not be half so full of danger, either to the risen or the rising generation, as the advocacy of the latter.

"It is not the example of the ragged, squalid drunkard, who wallows in the gutter by day, and returns in the spirit of a fiend, at night, to his hovel, to beat his children, and inflict on her who bore them a still severer vengeance; it is not the example of this man that allures the young and inexperienced to criminal indulgence. Such example carries its antidote along with it, in those attributes of degradation, and wretchedness, and loathing, by which it is accompanied. Not so the example of the elegant, fashionable, temperate and moral winedrinker. Here there is, at the outset, nothing to shock or revolt; here temptation is presented in covert and alluring forms, and hence in forms most dangerous to virtue. Thus assaulted, many a young man of purity and promise has already been induced (abandoning the secure position of total abstinence,) to take the inceptive step in that downward path of temperate drinking, which leads, by imperceptible degrees, to drunkenness and degradation.

"Not a sot can be found in Christendom, whose career did not commence with moderate drinking; and thus will terminate the downward movement of many whose career has already thus commenced.


What, then, is not to be apprehended from an attempt to bring the counsels of science to bear in aid of the incentives of

pleasure? What, when the pen and the press are employed, not in raising new barriers at the entrance of this road to death, but in breaking down those which have already been planted there? What, when in view of the banquet already bedecked with flowers, and accompanied by the fascinations of music, a voice (professing to be the voice of Wisdom) is uttered, not to inform the ignorant that poison is contained in the inebriating chalice; not to inform the wayering that safety lies in abstinence; in one word, not to warn away the unsuspecting from temptation; but uttered, on the contrary, only to give assurance to all that 'temperate drinking consists in drinking just so much as promotes the comfort and well-being of the individual, at any particular time, without producing any subsequent injury; and that each person must judge for himself how far he can go with safety.'

"Amid all the follies of this charlatan age,' to which you allude with so just a feeling of disapprobation, no announcement has been made, I apprehend, so full of peril as this, or so precisely calculated to disappoint the hopes of the parent, to corrupt the virtue of the child, to embitter the life of woman, and send a moral blight over the moralities of the entire community.

"Let a young man, of convivial habits and feeble resolutions, adopt and follow out the counsel you have given, and his doom is certain; and unless the course of nature changes, he will reach a dishonored end, and fill a drunkard's grave. Nor will even age secure, from such a doom, those who shall follow out such counsel.

"It is wise to listen to the teachings of experience. And what, I ask, has, in times gone by, been the consequence of moderate drinking, and the history of moderate drinkers?

"The physician's diary, and the ages of the dead, chiseled on monumental marble in the graveyards which adjoin our city, will answer this interrogation. In view of these records of

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