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viii, 1-and the vine being one of her progeny,) from the unjust aspersions cast upon it, according to the saying, "wisdom is justified of all her children:" (Luke vii, 35,) by opposing those who would destroy "the fruit of the vine," or basely insinuate, that Immanuel could have made use of "wine, wherein is excess,"-to represent His blood,-have commanded it to be used for that purpose,-or could in any way, by His word and Spirit, have countenanced its unlawful employment.

7th. To glorify God, as does the vine, by keeping His commandments. "Herein is my Father glorified that ye bear much fruit, so shall ye be my disciples:" (John xv, 8.) "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven:" (Matt. v. 17-19.) "Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you:" (John xv, 14.) "Come eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled:" (Prov. ix, 5.) "And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat this is my body. And He took the cup, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them: and they all drank of it. And He said unto them, This is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many. Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God:" (Mark xiv, 22-25.)

I began these letters some nineteen months ago, confident that the Bible must be the strong-hold of Christian temperance if ever it was to be established upon an immovable foundation; and feeling that if the doctrine of total abstinence from alco

holic liquors, was part of the revelation of God to man, it ought no longer to be shrouded in darkness, or corrupted by tradition, but to be universally displayed in all its heavenly effulgence, so that the honor hitherto claimed by man, as if the discovery had originated with him, might be transferred to Jehovah, to whom alone it is due.

The course of these letters has often been interrupted by events, which, when they occurred, seemed untoward, but which, in the good providence of God, have ultimately proved propitious, by enabling me to review what I had written,compare it again and again, with the sacred records,-supply defects, and correct errors. I now commit them to your care, conscious of their numerous imperfections,-cordially thanking you, for having so patiently borne with me in all my shortcomings, for your prayers, and the kind, encouraging voice with which you have cheered me onward, so that although often faint, I have yet by the mercy of God, been enabled to pursue, and at length reach the goal.

For whatever of error may be found in these pages, I only am responsible; and, it is my sincere desire, that it all may be discovered, exposed, and rendered harmless.

All the truth they contain, has emanated from the God of truth. May it be made effectual by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, to the propagation of anti-alcoholic temperance to earth's remotest bounds, to the praise of His glorious grace!

I am, my dear friend,

Yours most affectionately,
JOHN MAIR.

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Having endeavored, to the best of my ability, to accomplish the work primarily laid out for me, I am still required to express my views upon certain important topics, which have been only incidentally and slightly, if at all, touched on, in preceding letters. But, before attempting this, let me say, how deeply I am indebted to the noble band of philanthropic men, who, many years before I gave my attention to the subject, had by their observations, experiments and researches, collected a vast amount of important facts regarding alcohol, and deduced valuable conclusions from them. That I may have drawn materials out of the general fund of temperance. literature, in some instances without adequate acknowledgment, is possible, (if so, I now acknowledge the debt,) but I trust I have not injured any one by wilful trespass upon his domain. While I would render "honor to whom honor is due," always -no one will think ill of me for singling out the venerable Dr. Nott, as "worthy of double honor." It would be vain and presumptuous in me, to attempt a commendation of the works of one whose praise is in "all the churches," and whose name is identified with the temperance movement throughout the world. I leave this alone; but, I may be permitted to indulge the pleasure of recording my admiration of the man, who uttered the following sentiment: "To think and speak, and act on his own responsibility, and not to do the bidding of

another, is alike the privilege of a free man and a Christian ;' and who, for the warning of youth, in all ages, has said: “A friend of mine gave me the number and the names of a social club of temperate drinkers, which once existed in Schenectady, and of which, when young, he himself was a member; and I have remarked, how bereft of fortune,-how bereft of reputation,-bereft of health, and sometimes even bereft of reason, they have descended, one after another, prematurely to the grave; until at length, though not an old man, that friend alone remains, of all their number, to tell how he himself was rescued from a fate so terrible, by the timely and prophetic counsel of a pious mother. And I have marked too, how those pupils of my own, who, in despite of warning, and admonition, and entreaty, persisted in the use of intoxicating liquors, while at college, have, on entering the world, sunk into obscurity, and finally disappeared from among those rival actors, once their companions, rising into life; and when searching out the cause, I have, full of anxiety, inquired after one and another, the same answer has been returned: 'He has become or gone a sot into the grave.'

"Among these cases of moral desolation, I remember one of peculiar aggravation: It was that of a gifted and aspiring individual, and a professed Christian. Crossed and humbled by domestic affliction, he sought, as many still seek, relief in alcohol. His friends foresaw the danger, and warned him of it; that warning he derided; he even denied the existence of a propensity, which, by indulgence, was soon thereafter rendered uncontrollable; when suddenly shrinking from the society of men, he shut himself up in his chamber, and endeavored to drown his cares in perpetual inebriation. His abused constitution soon gave way, and the death scene followed. But Oh! what a death scene! As if quickened by the presence of the

Dr. Nott's Lectures on Temperance: p. 16.

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