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For the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday in May, 1834.

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The Senate is composed of the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and 10 senators.

The House of Representatives is composed of 72 members, elected semi-annually, in April and August. Joseph L. Tillinghast, Speaker.

JUDICIARY.

The judiciary power is vested in a Supreme Court, and a Court of Common Pleas for each of the five counties. All the judges are appointed annually by the General Assembly.

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Each of the Courts of Common Pleas comprises five judges, who have no salaries, but are paid by entries.

EDUCATION.

The subject of general education has, till within a few years, been much neglected in Rhode Island. In 1828, the legislature appropriated $10,000 annually for the support of public schools, with authority to each town to raise by tax double the amount of its proportion of the $10,000. All the towns availed themselves of this appropriation. The number of towns in the state is 31; the number of public schools, in 1831, was 323; scholars taught in them 17,034 ;- money expended upon them $21,490, of which the sum of $11,490 was raised by the towns, and $10,000 drawn from the school fund.

There are several academies and good private schools in different places. A respectable institution called the "Friends' Boarding School," belonging to the Yearly Meeting for New England, is at Providence. The edifice is a spacious structure of brick, with a basement of granite. It has 5 male and 4 female teachers; 117 male, and 70 female pupils; and a small library.

BROWN UNIVERSITY.

This institution was incorporated in 1764, by the name of "The College of Rhode Island," and first established at Warren, where the first commencement was celebrated in 1769. In 1770, it was removed to Providence; and in 1804, its name was changed to “Brown University in honor of Nicholas Brown, its most distinguished benefactor. It has two large brick halls, four stories high, having an elevated and pleasant situation, a library of 6,000 volumes, and a good philosophical apparatus; and there are libraries belonging to the students containing 5,600 volumes. Another large hall is about to be erected. The legislative government is vested in a board of Fellows, of 12 members, 8 of whom, including the president, must be Baptists; and a board of Trustees, of 36 members, 22 of whom must be Baptists, 5 Friends, 5 Episcopalians, and 4 Congregationalists.

Rev. Jacob Manning, D. D.,

Rev. Jonathan Maxcy, D. D.,

Succession of Presidents.

1765 to 1791 Rev. Asa Messer, D. D., LL.D., 1802 to 1826 1792 to 1802 Rev. Francis Wayland, D. D., 1826

Officers of Instruction.

Rev. Francis Wayland, D. D., President.
W. G. Goddard, A. M., Pr. Mo. Phi. & Met.
Rev. Romeo Elton, A. M., Prof. Lang.
Rev. Alexis Caswell, A. M., Prof. Math. & William Gammel, A. B., do.

Rev. Solomon Peck, A. M., Prof. Lat. Lan.
George I. Chase, A. B., Tutor.
Chris. M. Nickels, A. B., do.

Nat. Phil.

Number of undergraduates, in 1832-3, 136. Alumni 1,219. Commencement is on the 1st Wednesday in September.- Vacations: — 1st, from commencemen, 4 weeks; - 2d, from the last Friday in December, 6 weeks; - 3d, from the 2d Friday in May, 3 weeks.

Annual expenses ; - for tion, room-rent, use of the library, and incidental expenses, $64,50; for board, (from $1,00 to 1,61, for 39 weeks,) from $39,00 to $64,00:- total from $103,50 to $128,50.

LEARNED SOCIETIES.

Rhode Island Historical Society; incorporated 1822. James Fenner, LL. D., President. Thomas H. Webb, M. D., Corresponding Secretary. Franklin Society; formed at Providence, in 1821, for the purpose of promoting investigation in natural science; incorporated in 1823.

VI. CONNECTICUT.

GOVERNMENT

For the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday of May, 1834.

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Charles Hawley, President of the Senate.

Samuel Ingham, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

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Salary. $1,100

300

1,000

84 & fees.

1,000

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1,250

Salary.

$1,100

1,050

1,050

1,050

1,050

350

For other information respecting the Courts, see Am. Almanac for 1832.

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Bank Stock in State Bank
Do. U. S. Bank,

Insurance Stock,

Money at Interest,

Three Folds,

Assessments,

"The population of the state by the last census, was 297,7 ordinary expense of the government was $60,852; being a p expense of twenty cents and a half for each inhabitant. B during this time, received $27,053 interest on its three per and dividends on bank stock; $12,446 from the state prison fines, &c.; and $2,817 for taxes on bank stock owned by no all amounting to $42,316; which being deducted from the penses of government, left the sum of $18,636 to be paid taxes. This balance of $18,536 would require a contribut inhabitant of the state of less than six cents and three mills less than three tenths of a mill on each dollar of valuation ment returned by the assessor." - Comptroller's Statement.

Connecticut has the greatest School Fund of any of the Union. It arose from the sale of lands reserved by Conne state of Ohio. The following statement respecting this Fu recently made by the Comptroller of Public Accounts.-" capital of this Fund, productive and unproductive, was rep Commissioner, in 1832, to be $1,902,957.87. The interest ar is, by the constitution, " inviolably appropriated to the supp couragement of the public or common schools throughout and by law is apportioned to them, according to the ratio of tween 4 and 16 years of age belonging to the respective scho The whole number of those persons, in 1832, was 86,2 amount of interest distributed for that year was $81,939.4 cents for each of those persons, and equal to 28 cents for e

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a sum equal to 28 cents for each person in it, the ordinary expenses of the government require of the people only a ratio of contribution less than 6 cents and 3 mills."

The school districts are required to expend all the money which they receive from the Fund in payment for instruction; incidental expenses of every kind are to be paid in some other way. In some districts an additional sum is raised to pay for instruction; but in many there is none. It is a very prevalent opinion that the operation of the School Fund has been injurious; that the length of time during which the schools are kept has not been generally increased; that the interest in them has been diminished; and that, with respect to education, Connecticut now bears a less favorable comparison with the other Eastern States, than before the present system went into operation. In the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Massachusetts, in which the schools are supported almost wholly by a tax on the inhabitants, more money is expended for free schools, in proportion to the population, than in Connecticut.

It is remarked by an intelligent citizen of Connecticut, in speaking of the school system of this state:-"We know, from common and universal experience, that little interest is felt in that which demands neither expense nor attention. Our country is affluent, and pecuniary means may be commanded for whatever we have the will to perform. Few, comparatively, are so indigent as to need charitable aid in the education of their children. A public fund for the instruction of youth in common schools, is of no comparative worth, as a means of relieving want. A higher value would consist in its being made an instrument for exciting general exertion for the attainment of that important end. In proportion as it excites and fosters a salutary zeal, it is a public blessing. It may have, on any other principle of application, a contrary tendency, and become worse than useless. It may be justly questioned whether the School Fund has been of any use in Connecticut. It has furnished a supply where there was no deficiency. Content with the ancient standard of school instruction, the people have permitted the expense of sustaining it to be taken off their hands, and have aimed at nothing higher. They expended about an equal sum before the school fund existed. They would willingly pay $70,000 more, if made a condition of receiving the state bounty, and thus the amount would be doubled, for an object in which they would then feel they had some concern."

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