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2 'Mid the moral desert's gloom,
May the Rose of Sharon bloom,
And earth shall lovely be.
Then, &c.

3 Soon may Bethle'ms glorious star
Shine on darkening wastes afar,
Illuming land and sea.
Then, &c.

4 May the Sun of Righteousness
Every land and nation bless,
And men Christ's beauty see.
Then, &c.

5 War shall cease his rampant reign,
Virtue burst dark error's chain.
And sin far distant flee.
Then, &c.

6 Nought shall hurt, oppress, annoy,
Peace shall rule with holy joy,
And truth triumphant be.

Then, &c.


A MAN very lame

Was a little to blame

To stray far from his humble abode;
Hot, thirsty, bemired,

And heartily tired,

He laid himself down in the road.
While thus he reclined,

A man who was blind

Came by and entreated his aid;


Deprived of my sight,
Unassisted to-night,

I shall not reach home, I'm afraid."
"Intelligence give

Of the place where you live,"

Said the cripple, "perhaps I may know it:
In my road it may be,

And if you'll carry me,

It will give me much pleasure to show it.
"Great strength you have got,
Which, alas! I have not,

In my legs so fatigued every nerve is;
For the use of your back,

For the eyes which you lack,
My pair shall be much at your service."
Said the other poor man,
"What an excellent plan!

Pray, get on my shoulders, good brother;

I see all mankind,

If they are but inclined,

May constantly help one another."


Gatherings of Science.

Under this head we purpose devoting a portion of our Magazine, every month, to such pieces of scientific information as we may deem suitable for our pages and useful to our young readers. We solicit for it the suggestion of topics, and the solving of inquiries, from our scientific friends.


1. A FEW days ago, when I rose in the morning, I perceived that my towel was so wet that I could wring water from it. It was dry when I retired; and though only one corner of it came in contact with the water

in the pitcher, the moisture had reached every part of it. It is a general rule that water does not run up hill. In this case it did. How do you account for it?

2. I perceive that if I hold a large

lump of loaf sugar so that one end touches my tea, in a minute or two the whole lump will be filled with moisture. What is the reason of it? 3. In the winter, when the weather is very cold, the inside of the window will be covered with vapour, so that you can write your name upon the glass. What makes the window damp, and why do you see this in the winter, and not in the summer?

4. Then in warm weather, when you fill a glass with cold water, the glass will be covered on the outside with vapour; and if the day is very warm the water will run down the sides of the glass. I asked my teacher, when I was a child, what was the reason of it; and he said the heat forced the water through the pores of the glass! Bravo! What do you say?

I wish a good many of my young friends who have paid attention to the study of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry would write answers for these questions.


A CHEAP TELESCOPE. WE have been requested to state, in few words, the cheapest and best way of forming a telescope for common observations, and know of none better than the following, which we take from Dick's "Solar System," published by the Tract Society:-"A common refracting telescope for viewing some of the celestial bodies may be constructed as follows: Procure a convex glass, whose focal distance is about three feet. This may be known

by holding the glass in the sun's rays and measuring the distance between the glass and the place where the solar rays are condensed into a small spot. Place this lens at the end of a tube about three feet two inches long, in which there is a small sliding tube for fixing the eye-glass, and adjusting the focus for distinct vision. At the distance of three feet one inch place a convex glass one inch focal distance. The object glass will form a picture in its focus of all the objects which are directly opposite to it, and this picture will be seen magnified in looking through the eye-glass. The magnifying power, in this case, will be in the proportion of three feet, or thirty six-inches, to one inch; that is, the instrument will magnify the diameters of all objects thirty-six times, or make them appear thirty-six times nearer than when viewed by the naked eye; but as the image formed by the object glass is in an inverted position, all terrestrial objects will appear through it as turned upside down. The opening at the object-glass, which lets in the light, should not exceed an inch in diameter.

"With such a telescope, which may be constructed for five or six shillings, if the tubes be made of paper or pasteboard, the satellites of Jupiter, the crescent of Venus, the solar spots, and the inequalities on the surface of the moon, may be distinguished. Galileo's telescope, with which he made the first discoveries in the heavens, did not magnify more than such a telescope."-From the "Solar System," Part 2, page 191.




THE MOTHER'S FRIEND; a Monthly Magazine, edited by Ann Jane. To aid and encourage those Mothers who have little time to read, and little money to spend on books. Vol. I., 1848. London: Benj. Green, Paternoster-row.

We hailed the appearance of this work when its first number appeared with no common feelings of pleasure, and as successive months have passed, bringing us fresh stores from its devoted editor's head and hand, our pleasure has increased, and our conviction deepened, that it was amongst the best and most useful periodicals of our land. And now the whole first volume is before us -a beautiful, interesting, valuable book, designed professedly for our poorer and less educated mothers, yet in reality fully fitted, for original matter, elegant writing, and intrinsic merit, to take its place with any issue from the press, whatever be its pretensions, designed to aid the mothers of our land. It is full of admirably written papers from the pen of its gifted editor, with the productions of other no less gifted minds. All, too, is not for the mother. There is much for the father, and no lack for the children, while good sense, and withal such a cheerful spirit, pervade the whole, that none can read the book without receiving profit and delight.

We have made a brief extract from it this month, not so much as

a specimen of its style, as a suitable word of warning to our youthful readers at this turning of the year.

We commend the book to all our maternal societies and Sunday school institutions through the land.


Familiar History, for Young Persons, of the Country, and the Social and Domestic Manners of its Inhabitants. By Emily Taylor. Third edition. London: Houlston

and Stoneman.

The history of England, as ordinarily presented to young people, is little more than the history of its kings, their battles, and public movements. The true history of England,-the history of the peopletheir advancement in social improvement-their change of mannerstheir rise in mind, is seldom or never properly brought out. Hence it is that our youth on leaving school generally know nothing of the real history of their ancestors, and can only tell you the names of certain kings, the dates of the most celebrated battles, and a few meagre and ex parte accounts of a small proportion of the great events which have led to our present position in the world. The history before us aims at bringing out the people to view; and makes them rather than their kings and generals, the leading subject of remark. These, of course, are not left out. Their histories are sufficiently well given; but the nation itself is brought more out to

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