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537 whereunto they serve as a hand to lead, and a way o direct.


The torrid parts of Africk are resembled to a libbard's skin, the distance of whose spots represents the Brerewood. lisperseness of habitations.

Most safely may we resemble ourselves to God, in Raleigh. espect of that pure faculty which is never separate from the love of God.


Fairest resemblance of thy Maker fair,
Thee all things living gaze on.
One main end of poetry and painting is to please;
they bear a great resemblance to each other.

Dryden's Dufresnoy. The quality produced hath commonly no resemblance with the thing producing it; wherefore we look on it as a bare effect of power.


They are but weak resemblances of our intentions, faint and imperfect copies, that may acquaint us with the general design, but can never express the life of the original.


I cannot help remarking the resemblance betwixt Pope. him and our author in qualities, fame, and fortune.

So chymists boast they have a power,
From the dead ashes of a flower,
Some faint resemblance to produce,
But not the virtue.

Swift's Miscellanies.
But deep this truth impressed my mind-
Through all his works abroad,

The heart, benevolent and kind,
The most resembles God.

My dog! what remedy remains,
Since, teach you all I can,
I see you, after all my pains,

So much resemble Man?



RESEN, a town of Assyria on the Tigris, mentioned by Moses as having been built by Nimrod; thought to be the Larissa of Xenophon. It is probable that the Greeks asking of what city those were the ruins of which they saw, the Assyrians might answer Laresen, Of Resen; which word Xenophon expressed by Larissa, a more familiar sound to a Greek ear.

RESENIUS (Peter John), a learned Danish counsellor and professor, born at Copenhagen in He studied four years at Leyden, was 1623. made counsellor of the German nation at Padua, and syndic of the university. On his return to Denmark he was made president of Copenhagen, counsellor justice, and counsellor of state, and ennobled. He wrote several works, the chief of which is his Edda Islandorum. He died in 1588.

RESENT, v. a.

Fr. resentir. To take well or ill; to take ill is the common usage: a is one who resenter deeply feels an injury: resentful, malignant ; RESENTMENT, N. s. soon provoked to anger, and long retaining it: the adverb corresponding resentingly means with deep sense or impression; with malignity: resentment, strong perception of good or ill; deep feeling of anger.

A serious consideration of the mineral treasures of his territories, and the practical discoveries of them by way of my philosophical theory, he then so well resented, that afterwards, upon a mature digestion of my whole design, he commanded me to let your lordships understand how great an inclination he hath to further so hopeful a work.



The earl was the worst philosopher, being a great
resenter, and a weak dissembler of the least disgrace.
Thou with scorn

And anger would'st resent the offered wrong.


What he hath of sensible evidence, the very grand work of his demonstration is but the knowledge of his own resentment; but how the same things appear to others, they only know that are conscious to them; Glanville's Scepsis. and how they are in themselves, only he that made


To be absent from any part of publick worship he
thus deeply resented.
Hylobares judiciously and resentingly recapitulates
More's Divine Dialogues.
your main reasonings.
He retains vivid resentments of the more solid


Can heavenly minds such high resentment show,
Or exercise their spite in human woe?
Such proceedings have been always resented, and
often punished in this kingdom.

I cannot, without some envy, and a just resentment
against the opposite conduct of others, reflect upon
that generosity wherewith the heads of a struggling
faction treat those who will undertake to hold a pen
in their defence.

Though it is hard to judge of the hearts of people,
yet, where they declare their resentment and uneasi-
ness at any thing, there they pass their judgment
upon themselves.

RESERVE', v. a.& n. s.




Fr. reserver; Lat. reservo. keep; save; retain; lay up in store: reservation is, the act of so doing; custody; state of being treasured up, or the thing treasured; place in which any thing is reserved: the adjecreservoir (from old Fr. reservoir) is a synotive, adverb, and noun substantive corresponding: nyme of reservatory.

David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved 2 Samuel. Will he reserve his anger for ever? will he keep it Jeremiah. of them for an hundred chariots. to the end?

I could add many probabilities of the names of
reserve them for another.
places; but they should be too long for this, and I
Reserve thy state, with better judgment check
This hideous rashness.

Ourself by monthly course,
With reservation of an hundred knights,
By you to be sustained, shall our abode
Make with you by due turns.

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Nothing reserved or sullen was to see, But sweet regards.


The virgins, besides the oil in their lamps, carried likewise a reserve in some other vessel for a continual supply. Tillotson. Dryden. The assent may be withheld upon this suggestion, that I know not yet all that may be said: and therefore, though I be beaten, it is not necessary I should yield, not knowing what forces there are in reserve behind. Locke.

To all obliging, yet reserved to all, None could himself the favour'd lover call. Walsh.

Dissimulation can but just guard a man within the compass of his own personal concerns, which yet may be more effectually done by that silence and reservedness that every man may innocently practise. South's Sermons.

However any one may concur in the general scheme, it is still with certain reserves and deviations, and with a salvo to his own private judgment.

Addison's Freeholder.

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Ere guardian thought cou'd bring its scattered aid, My soul surprized, and from herself disjoined, Left all reserve, and all the sex behind. Prior.

How I got such notice of that subterranean reservatory as to make a computation of the water now concealed therein, peruse the propositions concerning earthquakes. Woodward.

I must give only short hints, and write but obscurely and reservedly, until I have opportunity to express my sentiments with greater copiousness and perspicuity.


Each has some darling lust, which pleads for a reserve, and which they would fain reconcile to the exRogers. pectations of religion.

He speaks reservedly, but he speaks with force; Nor can a word be changed but for a worse. Pope. Who sees pale Mammon pine amidst his store, Sees but a backward steward for the poor; This year a reservoir, to keep and spare; The next, a fountain spouting through his heir. Id. Conceal your esteem and love in your own breast, and reserve your kind looks and language for private Swift.


Fame is a bubble the reserved enjoy, Who strive to grasp it, as they touch, destroy. Young.

RESERVE, OF CORPS DE RESERVE, in military affairs, the third or last line of an army, drawn up for battle; so called because they are reserved to sustain the rest as occasion requires, and not to engage but in case of necessity.

A RESERVOIR is chiefly used for a place where water is collected and reserved, in order to be conveyed to distant places through pipes, or supply a fountain, or jet d'eau.

RESETTLE, v. a. Re and settle. To settle again.

Some roll their cask to mix it with the lees, and, after a resettlement, they rack it. Mortimer.

To the quieting of my passions, and the resettle ment of my discomposed soul, I consider that grief is the most absurd of all the passions. Norris.

Will the house of Austria yield the least article, even of usurped prerogative, to resettle the minds of those princes in the alliance, who are alarmed at the consequences of the emperor's death! Swift. RE'SIANT, adj. Į Fr. resseant. Resident; RESTANCE, n. s. present in a place. Solyman was come as far as Sophia, where the Turks great lieutenant in Europe is always restant, before that the Hungarians were aware.


The king forthwith banished all Flemings out of his kingdom, commanding his merchant adventurers, which had a resiance in Antwerp, to return. Bacon's Henry VII. The Allobroges here resiant in Rome.

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Shakspeare. Romeo and Juliet. Separation is wrought by weight, as in the ordinary residence or settlement of liquors. How can God with such reside? Something holy lodges in that breast, And with these raptures moves the vocal air, To testify his hidden residence.


There was a great familiarity between the confessor and duke William; for the confessor had often made considerable residences in Normandy.

Hate's Law of England.

Our clearest waters, and such as seem simple unto sense, are much compounded unto reason, as may be observed in the evaporation of water, wherein, besides a terreous residence, some salt is also found.

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RES'IN, n. s. 1 Fr. resine; Lat. resina. RES'INOUS, adj. The fat sulphurous parts of vegetables resinous, containing resin; consisting of resin.

Those vegetable substances that will dissolve in water are gums, those that will not dissolve and mix but with spirits or oil are resins. Quincy. Resinous gums, dissolved in spirit of wine, are let fall again if the spirit be copiously diluted. Boyle on Colours.

RESIN, in natural history, a viscid juice oozing either spontaneously, or by incision, from several trees, as the pine, fir, &c. Resins are distinguished from gums by being inflammable, and soluble only in ardent spirits.

RESIN. The name resin is used to denote solid inflammable substances, of vegetable origin, soluble in alcohol, usually affording much soot by their combustion. They are likewise soluble in oils, but not at all in water; and are more or less acted upon by the alkalis.

All the resins appear to be simple volatile oils, rendered concrete by their combination with oxygen. The exposure of these to the open air, and the decomposition of acids applied to them, evidently lead to this conclusion.

There are some among the known resins which are very pure, and perfectly soluble in alcohol, such as the balsam of Mecca and of capivi, turpentines, elemi, &c.; others are less pure, and

What more reasonable than that we should in all contain a small portion of extract, which renders things resign up ourselves to the will of God?

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them not totally soluble in alcohol; such are mastic, sandarach, guaiacum, labdanum, and dragon's blood.

What is most generally known by the name of resin simply, or sometimes of yellow rosin, is the residuum left after distilling the essential oil from turpentine. If this be urged by a stronger fire, a thick balsam, of a dark reddish color, called balsam of turpentine, comes over; and the residuum, which is rendered blackish, is called black resin, or colophony. See CHEMISTRY, Index.

Resins are employed for many purposes in the arts. The cheapest are used for torches, and to cover the outsides of ships and boats. The fine transparent resins compose varnishes. Some of them are employed medicinally, and enter into the composition of ointments and plasters; or internally, as the resins of scammony and jalap, which are purgative. Other resins, as benjamin and storax, are employed as perfumes.

They all become harder by exposure to a moderate heat; and it is upon this that the art of the japanner depends. If the surface to be japanned be covered with common tar only, and exposed to the temperature of 300° for a length of time, the coating becomes hard and infusible. At the same temperature, any other resin, applied in the same way, would assume a similar hardness.

RESIST', v. a. & n. s.
the quality or power of

Fr. resister; Lat. resisto. To oppose; act against: make opposition: resistance, or resistence, is Jthe act; resistibility, resisting: the adjective

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Young. Lat. resolvo.


I'm glad you thus continue your resolve, To suck the sweets of sweet philosophy. He always bent himself rather judiciously to resolve, than by doubts to perplex a business.

Hayward. I resolve the riddle of their loyalty, and give them opportunity to let the world see they mean not what they do, but what they say. King Charles. This resolvedness, this high fortitude in sin, can with no reason be imagined a preparative to its reDecay of Piety.


Good or evil actions, commanded or prohibited by laws and precepts simply moral, may be resolved into some dictates and principles of the law of nature, imprinted on man's heart at the creation. White.

Thy resolutions were not before sincere; consequently God, that saw that, cannot be thought to have justified that unsincere resolver, that dead faith. Hammond. When he sees

Himself by dogs, and dogs by men pursued,
He strait revokes his bold resolves, and more
Repents his courage, than his fear before.

Good proof


This day affords, declaring thee resolved To undergo with me one guilt.


The effect is wonderful in all, and the causes best resolvable from observations made in the countries themselves, the parts through which they pass. Browne's Vulgar Errours. Into what can we resolve this strong inclination of mankind to this error? it is altogether unimaginable but that the reason of so universal a consent should be constant. Tillotson.

Three is not precisely the number of the distinct elements whereinto mixt bodies are resoluble by fire. Boute.

Resolve me, strangers, whence and what you are? Dryden.


I run to meet the alarms, Resolved on death, resolved to die in arms. Id. Ye immortal souls, who once were men, And now resolved to elements again. Let men resolve of that as they please: this every intelligent being must grant, that there is something that is in himself that he would have happy.


A man may be resolvedly patient unto death; so that it is not the mediocrity of resolution which makes the virtue; nor the extremity which makes the vice. Grew.

Pride is of such intimate connection with ingratiTo inform; free tude, that the actions of ingratitude seem directly resolvable into pride, as the principal reason of them. South.

from doubt


RESOLVE', v. a., v. n. & n. s. RESOLVEDLY, adv. RESOLVEDNESS, n. s. RESOLV'ENT, n. s. difficulty; RESOLV'ER. solve; clear; fix; dissolve; melt; reduce: as a verb neuter, to determine; be settled or dissolved: resolve is fixed determination: the derivatives correspond with these senses.

In all things then are our consciences best resolved, and in most agreeable sort unto God and nature resolved, when they are so far persuaded as those grounds of persuasion will bear. Hooker.

Give me some breath,

Before I positively speak in this;

I will resolve your grace immediately.


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Cesar's approach hath summoned us together, And Rome attends her fate from our resolves.

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When the blood stagnates in any part, it first coagulates, then resolves and turns alkaline. Lactescent plants, as lettuce and endive, contain wholesome juice, resolvent of the bile, anodyne and cooling.

No man condemn me who has never felt A woman's power, or tried the force of love;

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RESOLUTE, adj. Fr. resolu. Firm; RESOLUTELY, adv. determined; fixed; RESOLUTENESS, n. s. constant: the adverb RESOLUTION. and noun substantives corresponding: resolution is also the act of clearing or analysing difficulties; dissolution.

The rest of the Helots, which were otherwise scattered, bent thitherward with a new life of resolution; as if their captain had been a root, out of which their courage had sprung. Sidney. Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The power of man; for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth.


I' the' progress of this business,

Ere a determinate resolution,

The bishop did require a respite. Id. O Lord, resolutions of future reforming do not always satisfy thy justice, nor prevent thy vengeance for former miscarriages. King Charles.

In the hot springs of extreme cold countries, the first heats are unsufferable, which proceed out of the resolution of humidity congealed. Digby.

They, who governed the parliament, had the resolution to act those monstrous things. Clarendon.

What reinforcement we may gain from hope, If not what resolution from despair.


To the present impulses of sense, memory, and instinct, all the sagacities of brutes may be reduced; though witty men, by analytical resolution, have chymically extracted an artificial logick out of all

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A man, who lives a virtuous life, despises the pleasures of sin; and, notwithstanding all the allurements of sense, persists resolutely in his course. Tillotson.

The unravelling and resolution of the difficulties that are met with in the execution of the design, are the end of an action. Dryden.

We spend our days in deliberating, and we end them without coming to any resolution. L'Estrange. How much this is in every man's power, by making resolutions to himself, is easy to try. Locke.

The mode of the will, which answers to dubitation, may be called suspension; that which answers to invention, resolution; and that which, in the phantastick will, is obstinacy, is constancy in the intellectual. Grew.

Some of those facts he examines, some he resolutely denies; others he endeavours to extenuate, and the rest he distorts with unnatural turns.

Swift. RESOLUTION, in medicine and surgery, the disappearing of any tumor without coming to suppuration, or forming an abscess.

RESOLUTION BAY, a bay on the west coast of

St. Christina, one of the Marquesas Islands, in the South Pacific, has sometimes been called the Port of Mendana. It was discovered by that Spanish circumnavigator in 1595; and, as well as the islands, received his name. It obtained the name of Resolution Bay, in consequence of captain Cook's anchoring there the 7th of April, 1774, in his second voyage. The country is well inhabited. Along the top of the hill to the north, which seems steep, appear villages enclosed by palisadoes. The valleys in this bay are full of trees. Long. 139° 8′ W., lat. 9° 55′ S.

RESONANCE, n. s. Lat. resono. Sound;


His volant touch

Fled and pursued transverse the resonant fugue. Milton. An ancient musician informed me that there were some famous lutes that attained not their full seasoning and best resonance, till they were about fourscore years old. Boyle. RESORT', v. n. & n. s. Fr. ressortir; Qu. Lat. sortior, to decide by lot? To have recourse; appeal; hence go or repair to ; fall back to act of visiting; concourse; assembly.

A little lowly hermitage it was, Downe in a dale, hard by a forest's side, Far from resort of people that did pass In traveil to and froe. Spenser. Faerie Queene. Join with me to forbid him her resort. Shakspeare. Some know the resorts and falls of business, that cannot sink into the main of it.


In the very time of Moses' law, when God's special commandments were most of all required, some festival days were ordained, and duly observed among the Jews, by authority of the church and state, and the same was not superstitious; for our Saviour him. self resorted unto them.


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Hasted, resorted to the summons high. Milton. The inheritance of the son never resorted to the mother or to any of her ancestors, but both were totally excluded from the succession.


In fortune's empire blindly thus we go, We wander after pathless destiny, Whose dark resorts since prudence cannot know, In vain it would provide for what shall be.

Dryden. Hither the heroes and the nymphs resort. Pope. The like places of resort are frequented by men out of place. Swift. RESOUND', v. a. Fr. resonner; Lat. resono. brate in sound; be echoed back. To echo; sound back; return as sound, or cele

The sweet singer of Israel with his psaltery loudly resounded the innumerable benefits of the Almighty Creator. Peacham.

With other echo late I taught your shades, To answer and resound far other song. Milton. The sound of hymns, wherewith thy throne Incompassed, shall resound thee ever blest. Id. What resounds in fable or romance of Uther's sons.

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