Outlines of Psychology

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W. Engelmann, 1902 - Psychology - 390 pages

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Page 3 - is that of psychology, which investigates the whole content of experience in its relations to the subject and also in regard \ to the attributes which this content derives directly from the subject. The point of view of .natural science may, accordingly, be designated as that of
Page 33 - of psychical experience always consist of various combinations of sensational and affective elements, so that the specific character of a given psychical process depends for the most part, not on the nature of its elements, so much as on their union into a composite psychical compound. Thus, the idea of an extended body or
Page 32 - All the contents of psychical experience are of a composite character. It follows, therefore, that psychical elements, or the absolutely simple and irreducible components of psychical phenomena are the products of analysis and abstraction. This abstraction is rendered possible by the fact that the elements are in reality united in different ways. If
Page 201 - fade out without any special result, constitute the emotions in the strict sense, such as were discussed in the last paragraph. In a second class of cases the emotional process may pass into a sudden change in ideational and affective content, which brings the emotion to an instantaneous close; such changes in the
Page 289 - can be explained only from the whole previous development of the individual consciousness. As a result of this voluntary activity the product of this synthesis is a complex in which all the components are derived from former sense perceptions and associations, but in which the combination of these components may differ more or less from the original forms. The
Page 2 - is not a single natural phenomenon that may not, from a different point of view, become an object of psychology. A stone, a plant, a tone, a ray of light, are, when treated as natural phenomena, objects of mineralogy, botany, physics, etc. \In so far, however, as they are at the same
Page 279 - of clearness is possible when attention is paid to the way in which the elements appear in consciousness. In the same way comparison is applied to intensive and extensive psychical compounds. Every psychical element and every psychical compound, in so far as it is
Page 201 - appear. These expressive movements appear chiefly at the end of the process and generally hasten its completion; this is especially true of anger, but to some extent also of joy, care, etc. Still, in these mere emotions there is an entire absence of
Page 210 - were originally impulsive, or in the case of movements which have become impulsive through the rétrogradation of voluntary acts. It is not improbable that all the reflex movements of both animals and men originate in this way. As evidence
Page 201 - process of a higher stage, in the same way that an emotion is related to a feeling. Volitional act is the name of only one part of the process, that part which distinguishes a volition from an emotion. The way for the development of volitions out of emotions is prepared by those emotions in connection with which external pantomimetic expressive movements

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