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BATE. A Rationale of the literal doctrine of Original Sin, &c. By JAMES BATE, A. M. Rector of Deptford.'

From the title Rector, BATE seems to have been a clergyman of the established Church in England. As I before remarked, I have little knowledge respecting him.

BEAUSOBRE et LENFANT. Le Nouveau Testament de notre Seigneur Jesus Christ, traduit en Francois sur l'original Grec. Avec des notes literales pour éclaircir le texte. Par. MRS. DE BEAUSOBRE et LENFANT.' Lausanne, 1735. 2 vols. 4 to.

"This, though a posthumous work, is very valuable, and con-tains many excellent and judicious observations, briefly expressed, but which nevertheless comprise the substance of remarks offered by the best interpreters.' Horne, Intro. ii. 785.

BENSON. A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians, Timothy, Philemon and Titus, and the seven Catholic Epistles by James, Peter, Jude and John. By GEORGE BENSON, D. D.' London, 1752, 1756. 2 vols. 4to.

See remarks under the name of Peirce.

BEZA. 'Testamentum novum, sive novum fœdus Jesu Christu, D. N. &c. THEODORUS BEZE.' Fourth edition, 1689. 1 vol. folio.

'Beza is undoubtedly the best critic on the Greek language of any commentator we have.' Dr. Doddridge, quoted by Horne, Intro. ii. 783.

CAMPBELL. The four Gospels, translated from the Greek, with Preliminary Dissertations and Notes Critical and Explanatory. By GEORGE CAMPBELL, D. D. F. R. S. Edinburgh, Principal of the Marischal College, Aberdeen.' Boston, 1824. 4 vols. 8vo.

'The extensive circulation of this valuable work, which has placed the author high in the rank of biblical critics, sufficiently attests the esteem in which it is held.' Horne, Intro. ii. 792.

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CAPPE. Critical Remarks on many important passages of Scripture: together with dissertations upon

several subjects, tending to illustrate the phraseology and doctrine of the New Testament. By the late Rev. NEWCOME CAPPE.' York, 1802. 2 vols. 8vo.

Cappe, was 'a dissenting minister, who died 1801, at York, where he was settled. He was educated under Doddridge and Leechman.' Lemp. Univ. Biog. art. Cappe.

CLARKE. 'The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ: &c. with a Commentary and Critical Notes, designed as a help to a better understanding of the sacred writings. By ADAM CLARKE, L. L. D. F. S. A. M. R. I. A.' &c. &c. New York, 1830. 2 vols. 8vo.

Clarke is so well known as the great Methodist Commentator, that nothing need here be said of the character of his work.

DIODATI. Pious Annotations upon the Holy Bible, expounding the difficult places thereof learnedly and plainly by the reverend, learned and godly divine, Mr. JOHN DIODATI, minister of the gospel. The third edition, London, 1651.' 1 vol. folio.

'Diodati was an eminent Italian divine and reformer in the early part of the 17th century: his annotations are properly scholia, rather practical than critical, but containing many useful hints.' Horne, Intro. ii. 738.

DUTCH ANNOTATIONS. 6 The Dutch annotations upon the whole Bible: or, all the Holy Canonical Scriptures of the Old and New Testament; together with, and according to their own translation of all the text: as both the one and the other were ordered and appointed by the SYNOD of DORT, 1618, and published by authority, 1637. Now faithfully communicated to the use of Great Britain, in English. By THEODORE HAAK Esq.' London, 1657. 2 vols. folio.

The title of this work sufficiently expresses its character. It need only be remarked that a majority of the Synod of Dort were rigid Calvinists; who, after expelling the Arminians from among them, held the remainder of their session very comfortably. The version and annotations prepared by their order, are of course, thoroughly Calvinistic.

ELSLEY. Annotations on the four Gospels, and the Acts of the Apostles: compiled and abridged for the use of students.' London, 1812. 3 vols. 8vo.

'Altogether, we say without the smallest reserve, we never saw a book more admirably adapted for the use of students, more creditable to an author's sagacity, diligence and erudition,' &c. This work is known to be the production of the Rev. Mr. Elsley, vicar of Burenston, near Bedale.' Horne, Intro. ii. 792.

FELL. 'A paraphrase and annotations upon all St. Paul's Epistles; done by several eminent men at Oxford. Corrected and improved by the late Right Rev. and learned Bishop FELL.' London, 1702. 1 vol. 8 vo.

'Fell on the epistles is very short; but most of his notes are worthy of remark.' Dr. Doddridge, quoted by Horne, Intro. ii. 796.

GENEVA BIBLE. The copy to which I have referred is in the library of Harvard University, but has no title page. Horne says this version and notes were first published at Geneva in 1560. The translators were 'all zealous Calvinists, both in doctrine and discipline.' Intro. ii. 244.

GILL. An Exposition of the Old and New Testaments, in which the sense of the sacred text is given : doctrinal and practical truths are set in a plain and easy light; difficult passages explained; &c. By JOHN GILL D. D.' London, 1809-1810. 9 vols. folio.

This author was a Baptist after the straitest sect. His rank among the Baptists will perhaps very nearly correspond with that of Dr. A. Clarke among the Methodists.

GILPIN. 'An Exposition of the New Testament, &c. By WILLIAM GILPIN, A. M. Prebendary of Salisbury, vicar of Boldoe in New Forest, near Lymington." London, 1790. 1 vol. 4 to.

Horne says of this, that it is a 'justly admired, and ably executed work.' Intro, ii. 789.

GREEK AND ENGLISH TESTAMENT, 1729. • The New Testament in Greek and English, Containing the

original text, corrected from the authority of the most authentic manuscripts; and a new version, formed agreeably to the illustrations of the most learned commentators and critics, &c.' London, 1729. 2 vols. 8 vo.

This work, I suspect, never obtained a very high reputation, though its author, or authors, manifestly believed the doctrine of endless misery. The style of the translation is liable to serious objections, on account of its apparent levity.

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GROTIUS. HUGONIS GROTII Opera omnia theologica, &c.' Amsterdam, 1689. 4 vols. folio.

My quotations were made partly from this edition, and partly from the Critici Sacri. Of this author, Dr. A. Clarke says, 'His learning was very extensive; his erudition profound; and his moderation on subjects of controversy highly praiseworthy. No man possessed a more extensive and accurate knowledge of the Greek and Latin writers; and no man has more successfully applied them to the illustration of the sacred writings.' Com. Gen. Preface.

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HALLETT. A free and impartial Study of the Holy Scriptures recommended; being Notes on some peculiar Texts, with Discourses and Observations, &c. By JoSEPH HALLETT, JR.' London, 1729, 1732, and 1736. 3 vols. 8 vo.

'Many important topics of Scripture criticism and interpretation are discussed in these volumes. If the reader is not always convinced by the arguments of the learned author, he cannot fail of being pleased with the ingenuity and spirit of candor and piety which pervade them.' Horne, Intro. ii. 786.

HAMMOND. A Paraphrase and Annotations upon all the Books of the New Testament, briefly explaining all the difficult parts thereof. By H. HAMMOND, D. D.' London, 1653, and (7th edit.) 1702. 1 vol. folio.

'The first edition of this valuable work appeared in 1653; it is in great and growing reputation.' Horne, Intro. ii. 786.

HENRY. An Exposition of the Old and New Testaments; wherein each chapter is summed up in its contents; the Sacred text inserted at large, in distinct paragraphs; each paragraph reduced to its proper heads; the sense given, and largely illustrated: With practical

remarks and observations. By MATTHEW HENRY, late Minister of the Gospel at Chester.' London, 1760. 6 vols. folio.

'The value of this Commentary is too well known to require any testimonies to its merit.' Horne, Intro. ii. 753.

HEYLIN. 'Theological lectures at Westminster Abbey with an interpretation of the New Testament, &c. By JOHN HEYLIN, D. D. Prebendary of Westminster, and Rector of St. Mary-le-strand.' London, 1749. 2 vols. 4 to.

This interpretation, though far from being elegant, appears to us, in general, to be accurate and judicious, and shows that the author had carefully studied the original.' Monthly Review, quoted by Horne, Intro. ii. 788.

HORNE. An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. By THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE, (of St. John's College, Cambridge,) Curate of the united parishes of Christ Church, Newgate street, and St. Leonard's, Foster lane.' Philadelphia, 1826, (from the London edition.) 4 vols. 8 vo.

This work is too well known in this country to require any testimony relative to its character. It deserves a place in the library of every clergyman of whatever denomination. It need scarcely be remarked that its author was a firm believer in the doctrine of endless misery.

JONES. Illustrations of the four Gospels, founded on circumstances peculiar to our Lord and the Evangelists. By JOHN JONES.' 'London, 1808. 1 vol. 8 vo.

This author was an English clergyman, and his work is considered to be judicious and useful.

KENRICK. 'An Exposition of the Historical Writings of the New Testament, with Reflections subjoined to each section: by the late Rev. TIMOTHY KENRICK.' Boston, 1828, (from the London edition.) 3 vols. 8vo.

This author was an English Unitarian divine. He believed in a state of punishment in the future life; but not in its endless duration. His exposition has been generally well received: though perhaps it has had quite as much credit for originality as

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