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The foregoing brief notices are intended merely to show that the works quoted are such as are allowed, by the orthodox, to be good authority.

Many of the works, here mentioned, were procured from the Library of Harvard University; for the use of which I am grateful. To the Librarian of that Institution I am under peculiar obligations, for the many facilities granted me in the prosecution of my labor.

I flatter myself that by the collection and publication of these testimonies, from authors, the works of many of whom have not been extensively circulated in America, I may render an acceptable service to the community generally, and especially to the denomination of Christians, with whom I am happy to be in fellowship. If my labor shall serve to open the eyes of the mentally blind, or confirm the faith of believers, or in any manner promote the cause of truth, I shall rejoice.

Cambridge, Oct. 19, 1833.






< Repent ye; for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.'—MATT. III. 2.

THIS passage is sometimes, though not so frequently as some others, alleged as proof that a portion of mankind will not be saved. It is assumed that the kingdom of heaven means the state of endless glory in reservation for the righteous; it is further assumed that some shall remain finally impenitent;' and then it is gravely contended, that since somę never will repent, they can never be admitted into that kingdom: in other words, they can never be saved. As no one pretends that this text affords direct proof of endless misery, I might pass by it in silence; but I am induced to notice it, because it gives me an opportunity to insert a valuable note from Hammond, to which I may have occasion to refer more than once, in the progress of my work. The note follows:


The phrase basileia ton ouranon or tou theou, the kingdom of heaven and of God, signifies in the New Testament the kingdom of the Messias, or that state or condition, which is a most lively image of that which we believe to be in heaven, and therefore called by that name. For as God's regal power exercised in heaven consists in assisting, defending, and rewarding all his faithful subjects, and in warning, punishing and destroying his obdurate enemies, so this kingdom of the Messias is an exact image or resemblance of it; and being as it is elsewhere affirmed, not of this world, a secular kingdom, but consisting especially in subduing the world to his dominion. That is done first by the descent of the

spirit, and preaching the gospel, by his word powerfully working in some, and bringing them unto the faith, and then by his iron rod executing vengeance on others, viz. the contumacious and obdurate, (to this purpose that parable delivered by Christ, Luke xix. 12, on occasion of their thinking that the kingdom of God should presently appear, v. 11, is very considerable, see the place,) and particularly those of the nation of the Jews after the crucifixion of Christ. And accordingly this kingdom of God will generally signify these two together, not only the first alone, but in conjunction with it, that other more tragical part of it also. That it is used so here may be discerned,

First, by that which is said in Malachi, by way of prophecy of John's preaching, (iv. 5,) that he should come before the great and terrible day of the Lord (see note on ch. xvii. 10,) i. e. before the fatal destruction of this people; and also in Isaiah, that when he cried in the wilderness, this was part of his crying, prepare ye the way of the Lord: noting him an anteambulo or forerunner of Christ's coming, &c.

Secondly, by that which follows here, ver. 10, as the explication of this text of the Baptist's (and now also the axe is laid to the root of the trees; every tree therefore that bringeth not forth good fruit, is hewn down and cast into the fire;) and again, ver. 7, by the orge mellousa the wrath ready to come upon them, which is proportionable, or parallel to the approaching kingdom of heaven, as the exhortation ver. 8, of bringing forth meet fruits of repentance, is to metanoeite, repent; and so directly in that prophecy of Malachi's concerning the coming and preaching of John Baptist, (iv. 5, 6,) the sum of his preaching is expressed by the effect of it :-he shall turn the heart of the fathers to (or with) the children, and the heart of the children to (or with) their fathers, i. e. shall convert all sorts of Jews young and old, fathers and children, preach conversion and repentance to them, lest I, (i, e. God,) come and smite the earth (or land) with a curse; whereas God's coming is interpreted by his smiting Judea, (curses and inflictions on that land,) so is this denunciation of those judgments part of that Baptist's sermon, and the repentance

or conversion by him preached, the only means to avert them.

And so likewise in Isa. xl. the revealing the glory of the Lord, &c. ver. 5, may be the preaching of the Gospel, and then the visibleness of God's judgments on all the Jews in Judea, and ver. 6, 7, 8, very fitly refer to the sudden destruction of that people, as the withering of grass, or fading of flowers, upon God's blowing upon them, whereby his displeasure is expressed. To which yet his preservation of the remnant, (as here his gathering the wheat into his garner, ver. 12,) his protecting of the few believers, (so that not a hair of their heads shall fall, Luke xxi. 18,) is immediately annexed, ver. 9, 10, 11. And accordingly the kingdom of God here is not to be so restrained to the punitive part, but that it also contain under it that other piece of regality, which consists in protecting of subjects, and rewarding them which do well also, which should be most visible at the time of his punishment on the obstinate, his burning the chaff with unquenchable fire. To this purpose the words of St. Luke, xxi. 18, 31, are most remarkable, where setting down distinctly the signs and forerunners of the destruction of the temple and that people, and among those prognostics, the great persecutions which the disciples should find from the Jews, he bids them cheerfully look up, ver. 28, for their redemption, deliverance from these hazards and pressures, draweth near: and, with a short parable interposed to express it, he adds, ver. 31, know that the kingdom of God is at hand this kingdom surely here, which now approached, but should then be more near, wherein the judgment of God should be most visible in judging betwixt the wheat and the straw, burning up the refuse, destroying the impenitent unbelieving Jews, but protecting and setting safe on the shore all the disciples and believers, and that by the very destruction of these their brethren, who were their chiefest persecutors, ver. 16. This sense will be the more unquestioned, if it be observed, that when Christ himself begins to preach, he used the same words, (Matt. iv. 17,) by which it is clear that Christ's preaching the gospel was not the only thing meant by this kingdom, (as it is generally supposed,)

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