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chave already caught two or three of these dark un-ject) answers to that great rule which was dictated dermining vermin, and intend to make a string of to the world about a hundred years before this phathem, in order to hang them up in one of my pa-losopher wrote; but instead of that, I shall only pers, as an example to all such voluntary moles.

C.

No. 125.] TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1711.
Ne, pueri, ne tanta animis assuescite bella:
Neu patriæ validas in viscera vertite vires.

VIRG. Æn. vi. 832.
This thirst of kindred blood, my sons, detest,
Nor turn your force against your country's breast.

DRYDEN.

take notice, with a real grief of heart, that the minds of many good men among us appear soured with party principles, and alienated from one another in such a manner as seems to me altogether inconsistent with the dictates either of reason or religion. Zeal for a public cause is apt to breed passions in the hearts of virtuous persons, to which the regard of their own private interest would never have betrayed them.

If this party-spirit has so ill an effect on our morals, it has likewise a very great one upon our My worthy friend Sir Roger, when we are talking judgments. We often hear a poor insipid paper or of the malice of parties, very frequently tells us an pamphlet cried up, and sometimes a noble piece deaccident that happened to him when he was a school- preciated, by those who are of a different principle boy, which was at the time when the feuds ran high from the author. One who is actuated by this spirit between the Round-heads and Cavaliers. This is almost under an incapacity of discerning either worthy knight, being then but a stripling, had oc- real blemishes or beauties. A man of merit in a casion to inquire which was the way to St. Anne's different principle, is like an object seen in two diflane; upon which the person whom he spoke to, in-ferent mediums, that appears crooked or broken, stead of answering the question, called him a young however straight and entire it may be in itself. For popish cur, and asked him who had made Anne a this reason there is scarce a person of any figure in saint? The boy being in some confusion, inquired England, who does not go by two contrary characof the next he met, which was the way to Anne's-ters, as opposite to one another as light and darkness. lane; but was called a prick-eared cur for his pains, and instead of being shewn the way, was told that she had been a saint before he was born, and would be one after he was hanged. Upon this," says Sir Roger, "I did not think fit to repeat the former question, but going into every lane of the neighbourhood, asked what they called the name of that lane." By which ingenious artifice he found out the place he inquired after, without giving offence to any party. Sir Roger generally closes this narrative with reflections on the mischief that parties do in the country; how they spoil good neighbourhood, and make honest gentlemen hate one another; sides that they manifestly tend to the prejudice of the land-tax, and the destruction of the game.

66

Knowledge and learning suffer in a particular manner from this strange prejudice, which at present prevails amongst all ranks and degrees in the British nation. As men formerly became eminent in learned societies by their parts and acquisitions, they now distinguish themselves by the warmth and violence with which they espouse their respective parties.-Books are valued upon the like considerations. An abusive, scurrilous style passes for satire, and a dull scheme of party notions is called fine writing.

There is one piece of sophistry practised by both be-sides-and that is, the taking any scandalous story that has been ever whispered or invented of a private man for a known undoubted truth, and raising There cannot be a greater judgment befal a suitable speculations upon it. Calumnies that have country than such a dreadful spirit of division as never been proved, or have been often refuted, are rends a government into distinct people, and makes the ordinary postulatums of these infamous scribblers, them greater strangers and more averse to one an- upon which they proceed as upon first principles other, than if they were actually two different na- granted by all men, though in their hearts they know tions. The effects of such a division are pernicious they are false, or at best very doubtful. When they to the last degree, not only with regard to those ad have laid these foundations of scurrility, it is no vantages which they give the common enemy, but wonder that their superstructure is every way answerto those private evils which they produce in the heart able to them. If this shameless practice of the of almost every particular person. This influence present age endures much longer, praise and reis very fatal, both to men's morals and their under-proach will cease to be motives of action in good men. standings; it sinks the virtue of a nation, and not only so, but destroys even common sense.

There are certain periods of time in all govern ments, when this inhuman spirit prevails. Italy A furious party spirit, when it rages in its full was long torn in pieces by the Guelfs and Gibel. violence, exerts itself in civil war and bloodshed; lines, and France by those who were for and against and when it is under its greatest restraints naturally the League; but it is very unhappy for a man to be breaks out in falsehood, detraction, calumny, and born in such a stormy and tempestuous season. It a partial administration of justice. In a word, it is the restless ambition of artful men that thus fills a nation with spleen and rancour, and extin-breaks a people into factions, and draws several guishes all the seeds of good nature, compassion, well-meaning persons to their interest by a specious and humanity.

"Plutarch says very finely," that a man should not allow himself to hate even his enemies; because," says he, "if you indulge this passion on some occasions, it will rise of itself in others; if you hate your enemies, you will contract such a vicious habit of mind, as by degrees will break out upon those who are your friends, or those who are indifferent to you." I might here observe how admirably this precept of morality (which derives the malignity of hatred from the passion itself, and not from its ob

concern for their country. How many honest minds are filled with uncharitable and barbarous notions, out of their zeal for the public good? What cruelties and outrages would they not commit against men of an adverse party, whom they would honour and esteem, if, instead of considering them as they are represented, they knew them as they are? Thus are persons of the greatest probity seduced into shameful errors and prejudices, and made bad men even by that noblest of principles, "the love of

Viz. by Jesus Christ, See Luke vi. 27-32, &c.

their country." I cannot here forbear mentioning
the famous Spanish proverb, " If there were neither
fools nor knaves in the world, all people would be
of one mind."

145

this without any regard to his private interest, would
be no small benefactor to his country.

I remember to have read in Diodorus Siculus an For my own part, I could heartily wish that all he calls the ichneumon, that makes it the whole buaccount of a very active little animal, which I think honest men would enter into an association, for the siness of his life to break the eggs of the crocodile, support of one another against the endeavours of which he is always in search after. This instinct is those whom they ought to look upon as their com- the more remarkable, because the ichneumon never mon enemies, whatsoever side they may belong to. feeds upon the eggs he has broken, nor any other Were there such an honest body of neutral forces, way finds his account in them. Were it not for the we should never see the worst of men in great figures incessant labours of this industrious animal, Egypt, of life, because they are useful to a party; nor the says the historian, would be overrun with crocodiles; best unregarded, because they are above practising for the Egyptians are so far from destroying those those methods which would be grateful to their fac-pernicious creatures, that they worship them as gods. tion. We should then single every criminal out of the herd, and hunt him down, however formidable and overgrown he might appear: on the contrary, we should shelter distressed innocence, and defend virtue, however beset with contempt or ridicule, envy or defamation. In short, we should not any longer regard our fellow-subjects as whigs or tories, but should make the man of merit our friend, and the villain our enemy.-C.

No. 126. WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1711.
Tros Rutulusve fuat, nullo discrimine habebo

sans, we shall find them far from resembling this
If we look into the behaviour of ordinary parti-
disinterested animal; and rather acting after the ex-
ample of the wild Tartars, who are ambitious of
destroying a man of the most extraordinary parts
and accomplishments, as thinking that upon his de-
cease the same talents, whatever post they qualified
him for, enter of course into his destroyer.

VIRG. Æn. x. 108.
Rutulians, Trojans, are the same to me.-DRYDEN.
In my yesterday's paper I proposed, that the
honest men of all parties should enter into a kind of
association for the defence of one another, and the
confusion of their common enemies. As it is de-
signed this neutral body should act with a regard to
nothing but truth and equity, and divest themselves
of the little heats and prepossessions that cleave to
parties of all kinds, I have prepared for them the
following form of an association, which may express
their intentions in the most plain and simple manner:
"We whose names are hereunto subscribed do
solemnly declare, that we do in our consciences be-pers it produces at a quarter-sessions.
lieve two and two make four; and that we shall ad-
judge any man whatsoever to be our enemy who
endeavours to persuade us to the contrary. We are
likewise ready to maintain with the hazard of all
that is near and dear to us, that six is less than
seven in all times and in all places; and that ten
will not be more three years hence than it is at pre-
sent. We do also firmly declare, that it is our re-
solution as long as we live to call black black, and
white white. And we shall upon all occasions op-
pose such persons that upon any day of the year
shall call black white, or white black, with the ut-
most peril of our lives and fortunes."'

As in the whole train of my speculations I have
endeavoured, as much as I am able, to extinguish
that pernicious spirit of passion and prejudice which
rages with the same violence in all parties, I am still
the more desirous of doing some good in this parti-
cular, because I observe that the spirit of party
reigns more in the country than in the town. It
ness, to which men of a politer conversation are
here contracts a kind of brutality and rustic fierce-
wholly strangers. It extends itself even to the re-
turn of the bow and the hat; and at the same time
that the heads of parties preserve towards one ano-
ther an outward show of good-breeding, and keep up
a perpetual intercourse of civilities, their tools that
are dispersed in these outlying parts will not so
much as mingle together at a cock-match. This hu-
mour fills the country with several periodical meet-
ings of Whig jockeys and Tory fox-hunters; not to
mention the innumerable curses, frowns, and whis-

Were there such a combination of honest men, who without any regard to places would endeavour tó extirpate all such furious zealots as would sacrifice one half of their country to the passion and interest of the other; as also such infamous hypocrites that are for promoting their own advantage under colour of the public good; with all the profligate immoral retainers to each side, that have nothing to recommend them but an implicit submission to their leaders: we should soon see that furious party-spirit extinguished, which may in time expose us to the derision and contempt of all the nations about us.

A member of this society that would thus carefully employ himself in making room for merit, by throwing down the worthless and depraved part of mankind from those conspicuous stations of life to which they have been sometimes advanced, and all SPECTATOR-Nos. 19 & 20.

my former papers that my friends Sir Roger de Co-
I do not know whether I have observed in any of
verley and Sir Andrew Freeport are of different
principles-the first of them inclined to the landed
and the other to the monied interest. This humour
is so moderate in each of them, that it proceeds no
farther than to an agreeable raillery, which very
often diverts the rest of the club. I find, however,
that the knight is a much stronger Tory in the coun-
try than in town, which, as he has told me in my
ear, is absolutely necessary for the keeping up his
interest. In all our journey from London to his
or if by chance the coachman stopped at a wrong
house, we did not so much as bait at a Whig inn;
place, one of Sir Roger's servants would ride up to
his master full of speed, and whisper to him that the
master of the house was against such a one in the
last election. This often betrayed us into hard beds
and bad cheer; for we were not so inquisitive about
the inn as the innkeeper; and provided our land-
lord's principles were sound, did not take any notice
of the staleness of his provisions. This I found still
the more inconvenient, because the better the host
was, the worse generally were his accommodations;
friends would take up with coarse diet and a hard
the fellow knowing very well that those who were his
lodging. For these reasons, all the while I was
upon the road I dreaded entering into a house of any
one that Sir Roger had applauded for an honest man.
Since my stay at Sir Roger's in the country, I
L

1

daily find more instances of this narrow party hu- proper invention. But as we do not hear any partimour. Being upon the bowling-green at a neigh-cular use in this petticoat, or that it contains any bouring market-town the other day (for that is the thing more than what was supposed to be in those of place where the gentlemen of one side meet once a scantier make, we are wonderfully at a loss about it. week), I observed a stranger among them of a better "The women give out, in defence of these wide presence and genteeler behaviour than ordinary; bottoms, that they are airy, and very proper for the but was much surprised that, notwithstanding he was season; but this I look upon to be only a pretence, a very fair bettor, nobody would take him up. But and a piece of art, for it is well known we have not upon inquiry, I found that he was one who had had a more moderate summer these many years, so given a disagreeable vote in a former parliament, for that it is certain the heat they complain of cannot which reason there was not a man upon the bowl-be in the weather. Besides, I would fain ask these ing-green who would have so much correspondence tender-constitutioned ladies, why they should require with him as to win his money of him. more cooling than their mothers before them?

Among other instances of this nature, I must not "I find several speculative persons are of opinion omit one which concerns myself. Will Wimble was that our sex has of late years been very saucy, and the other day relating several strange stories that he that the hoop-petticoat is made use of to keep us at had picked up, nobody knows where, of a certain a distance. It is most certain that a woman's honour great man; and upon my staring at him, as one cannot be better intrenched than after this manner, that was surprised to hear such things in the country in circle within circle, amidst such a variety of out-which had never been so much as whispered in the works and lines of circumvallation. A female who town-Will stopped short in the thread of his dis-is thus invested in whalebone, is sufficiently secured course, and after dinner asked my friend Sir Roger in his ear if he was sure that I was not a fanatic.

It gives me a serious concern to see such a spirit of dissension in the country; not only as it destroys virtue and common sense, and renders us in a manner barbarians towards one another, but as it perpetuates our animosities, widens our breaches, and transmits our present passions and prejudices to our posterity. For my own part, I am sometimes afraid that I discover the seeds of a civil war in these our divisions; and therefore cannot but bewail, as in their first principles, the miseries and calamities of our children.-C.

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No. 127. THURSDAY, JULY 26, 1711. Quantum est in rebus inane!-PERS. Sat. i. 1. How much of emptiness we find in things! Ir is our custom at Sir Roger's, upon the coming in of the post, to sit about a pot of coffee, and hear ⚫ the old knight read Dyer's Letter; which he does with his spectacles upon his nose, and in an audible voice, smiling very often at those little strokes of satire which are so frequent in the writings of that author. I afterward communicate to the knight such packets as I receive under the quality of Spectator. The following letter chancing to please him more than ordinary, I shall publish it at his request.

"MR. SPECTATOR,

"You have diverted the town almost a whole month at the expense of the country; it is now high time that you should give the country their revenge. Since your withdrawing from this place, the fair sex are run into great extravagances. Their petticoats, which began to heave and swell before you left us, are now blown up into a most enormous concave, and rise every day more and more. In short, Sir, since our women know themselves to be out of the eye of the Spectator, they will be kept within no compass. You praised them a little too soon, for the modesty of their head-dresses; for as the humour of a sick person is often driven out of one limb into another, their superfluity of ornaments, instead of being entirely banished, seems only fallen from their heads upon their lower parts. What they have lost in height they make up in breadth, and, contrary to all rules of architecture, widen the foundations at the same time that they shorten the superstructure. Were they, like Spanish jennets, to impregnate by the wind, they could not have thought on a more

against the approaches of an ill-bred fellow, who might as well think of Sir George Etherege's way of making Love in a Tub,'* as in the midst of so many hoops.

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"Among these various conjectures there are men of superstitious tempers, who look upon the hooppetticoat as a kind of prodigy. Some will have it that it portends the downfal of the French king, and observe that the farthingal appeared in England a little before the ruin of the Spanish monarchy.† Others are of opinion that it foretels battle and bloodshed, and believe it of the same prognostication as the tail of a blazing star. For my part, I am apt to think it is a sign that multitudes are coming into the world rather than going out of it.

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"The first time I saw a lady dressed in one of these petticoats, I could not forbear blaming her in my own thoughts for walking abroad when she was so near her time,' but soon recovered myself out of my error, when I found all the modish part of the sex as far gone' as herself. It is generally thought some crafty women have thus betrayed their companions into hoops, that they might make them accessary to their own concealments, and by that means escape the censure of the world; as wary generals have sometimes dressed two or three dozen of their friends in their own habit, that they might not draw upon themselves any particular attacks from the enemy. The strutting petticoat smooths all distinctions, levels the mother with the daughter, and sets maids and matrons, wives and widows, upon the same bottom. In the meanwhile, I cannot but be troubled to see so many well-shaped innocent virgins bloated up, and waddling up and down like big-bellied women.

"Should this fashion get among the ordinary people, our public ways would be so crowded, that we should want street-room. Several congregations of the best fashion find themselves already very much straitened; and if the mode increase, I wish it may not drive many ordinary women into meetings and conventicles. Should our sex at the same time take it into their heads to wear trunk breeches (as who knows what their indignation at this female treatment may drive them to?) a man and his wife would fill a whole pew.

See his play so called, act iv. scene 6, where Dufoy, a Frenchman, is thrust into a tub without a bottom, which he through a hole at the top. carries about the stage on his shoulders, his head coming ↑ Viz. in 1558.

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"You know, Sir, it is recorded of Alexander the Great, that in his Indian expedition he buried several suits of armour, which by his directions were made much too big for any of his soldiers, in order to give posterity an extraordinary idea of him, and make them believe he had commanded an army of giants. I am persuaded that if one of the present petticoats happens to be hung up in any repository of curiosities, it would lead into the same error the generations that lie some removes from us; unless we can believe our posterity will think so disrespectfully of their great-grandmothers, that they made themselves monstrous to appear amiable.

after that whilst the hen is covering her eggs, the male generally takes his stand upon a neighbouring bough within her hearing and by that means amuses and diverts her with his songs during the whole time of her sitting.

This contract among birds lasts no longer than till a brood of young ones arises from it: so that in the feathered kind, the cares and fatigues of the married state, if I may so call it, lie principally upon the female. On the contrary, as, in our species, the man and the woman are joined together for life, and the main burden rests upon the former, nature has given all the little arts of soothing and blandishment to the female, that she may cheer and animate her companion in a constant and assiduous appli

"When I survey this new-fashioned rotunda in all its parts, I cannot but think of the old philosopher, who after having entered into an Egyptian tem-cation to the making a provision for his family, and ple, and looked about for the idol of the place, at length discovered a little black monkey inshrined in the midst of it, upon which he could not forbear crying out, to the great scandal of the worshippers, What a magnificent place is here for such a ridiculous inhabitant!'

"Though you have taken a resolution, in one of your papers, to avoid descending to particularities of dress, I believe you will not think it below you, on so extraordinary an occasion, to unhoop the fair sex, and cure this unfashionable tympany that is got among them. I am apt to think the petticoat will shrink of its own accord at your first coming to town; at least a touch of your pen will make it contract itself like the sensitive plant, and by that means oblige several who are either terrified or astonished at this portentous novelty, and among the rest, C.

No. 128.]

"Your humble servant," &c.

THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1711.
Concordia discors.-LUCAN i. 98.
-Harmonious discord.

WOMEN in their nature are much more gay and joyous than men; whether it be that their blood is more refined, their fibres more delicate, and their animal spirits more light and volatile; or whether, as some have imagined, there may not be a kind of sex in the very soul, I shall not pretend to determine. As vivacity is the gift of women, gravity is that of men. They should each of them therefore keep a watch upon the particular bias which nature has fixed in their minds, that it may not draw too much, and lead them out of the paths of reason. This will certainly happen, if the one in every word and action affects the character of being rigid and severe, and the other of being brisk and airy. Men should beware of being captivated by a kind of savage philosophy, women by a thoughtless gallantry. Where these precautions are not observed, the man often degenerates into a cynic, the woman into a coquette; the man grows sullen and morose, the woman impertinent and fantastical.

By what I have said, we may conclude, men and women were made as counterparts to one another, that the pains and anxieties of the husband might be relieved by the sprightliness and good-humour of the wife. When these are rightly tempered, care and cheerfulness go hand in hand; and the family, like a ship that is duly trimmed, wants neither sail nor ballast.

Natural historians observe (for, whilst I am in the country, I must fetch my allusions from thence) that only the male birds have voices; that their songs begin a little before breeding-time, and end a little

the educating of their common children. This however is not to be taken so strictly, as if the same duties were not often reciprocal, and incumbent on both parties; but only to set forth what seems to have been the general intention of nature, in the different inclinations and endowments which are bestowed on the different sexes.

But whatever was the reason that man and woman were made with this variety of temper, if we observe the conduct of the fair sex, we find that they choose rather to associate themselves with a person who resembles them in that light and volatile humour which is natural to them, than to such as are qualified to moderate and counterbalance it. It has been an old complaint, that the coxcomb carries it with them before the man of sense. When we see a fellow loud and talkative, full of insipid life and laughter, we may venture to pronounce him a female favorite. Noise and flutter are such accomplishments as they cannot withstand. To be short, the passion of an ordinary woman for a man is nothing else than selflove diverted upon another object. She would have the lover a woman in every thing but the sex. I do not know a finer piece of satire on this part of womankind, than those lines of Mr. Dryden :

Our thoughtless sex is caught by outward form, And empty noise; and loves itself in man. This is a source of infinite calamities to the sex, as it frequently joins them to men who, in their own thoughts, are as fine creatures as themselves; or if they chance to be good-humoured, serve only to dissipate their fortunes, inflame their follies, and aggravate their indiscretions.

The same female levity is no less fatal to them after marriage than before. It represents to their imaginations the faithful, prudent husband, as an honest, tractable, and domestic animal; and turns their thoughts upon the fine, gay gentleman that laughs, sings, and dresses so much more agreeably.

As this irregular vivacity of temper leads astray the hearts of ordinary women in the choice of their lovers and the treatment of their husbands, it operates with the same pernicious influence towards their children, who are taught to accomplish themselves in all those sublime perfections that appear captivating in the eye of their mother. She admires in her son what she loved in her gallant; and by that means contributes all she can to perpetuate herself in a worthless progeny.

The younger Faustina was a lively instance of this sort of women. Notwithstanding she was married to Marcus Aurelius, one of the greatest, wisest, and best, of the Roman emperors, she thought a common gladiator much the prettier gentleman; and had taken such care to accomplish her son Commodus according to her own notions of a fine man, that

when he ascended the throne of his father, he became as a gentleman did his friend who was hunting about

the most foolish and abandoned tyrant that ever was placed at the head of the Roman empire, signalizing himself it nothing but the fighting of prizes, and knocking out men's brains. As he had no taste of true glory, we see him in several medals and statues, which are still extant of him, equipped like a Hercules, with a club and a lion's skin.

I have been led into this speculation by the characters I have heard of a country gentleman and his lady, who do not live many miles from Sir Roger. The wife is an old coquette, that is always hankering after the diversions of the town; the husband a morose rustic, that frowns and frets at the name of it.

The wife is overrun with affectation, the husband sunk into brutality. The lady cannot bear the noise of the larks and nightingales, hates your tedious summer-days, and is sick at the sight of shady woods and purling streams; the husband wonders how any one can be pleased with the fooleries of plays and operas, and rails from morning to night at essenced fops and tawdry courtiers. The children are educated in these different notions of their parents. The sons follow the father about his grounds, while the daughters read volumes of love-letters and romances to their mother. By this means it comes to pass, that the girls look upon their father as a clown, and the boys think their mother no better than she

should be.

How different are the lives of Aristus and Aspas a! The innocent vivacity of the one is tempered and composed by the cheerful gravity of the other. The wife grows wise by the discourses of the husband, and the husband good-humoured by the conversations of the wife. Aristus would not be so amiable were it not for his Aspasia, nor Aspasia so much esteemed were it not for her Aristus. Their virtues are blended in their children, and diffuse through the whole family a perpetual spirit of benevolence, complacency, and satisfaction.-C.

No. 129.] SATURDAY, JULY 28 1711.
Vertentem sese frustra sectabere canthum,
Cum rota posterior curras et in axe secundo.

PERS. Sat. v. 71.
Thou, like the hindmost chariot-wheels art curst,
Still to be near, but ne'er to be the first.-DRYDEN.

GREAT masters in painting never care for drawing people in the fashion: as very well knowing that the head-dress, or periwig, that now prevails, and gives a grace to their portraitures at present, will make a very odd figure and perhaps look monstrous in the eyes of posterity. For this reason they often represent an illustrious person in a Roman habit, or some other dress that never varies. I could wish, for the sake of my country friends, that there was such a kind of everlasting drapery to be made use of by all who live at a certain distance from the town, and that they would agree upon such fashions as should never be liable to changes and innovations. For want of this standing dress, a man who takes a journey into the country is as much surprised as one who walks in a gallery of old family pictures, and finds as great a variety of garbs and habits in the persons he converses with. Did they keep to one constant dress they would sometimes be in the fashion, which they never are as matters are managed at present. If, instead of running after the mode, they would continue fixed in one certain habit, the mode would sometime or other overtake them, as a clock that stands still is sure to point right once in twelve hours. In this case, therefore, I would advise them,

the whole town after a rambling fellow-If you follow him you will never find him, but if you plant yourself at the corner of any one street, I will engage it will not be long before you see him.

I have already touched upon this subject in a speculation which shews how cruelly the country are led astray in following the town; and equipped in a ridiculous habit, when they faney themselves in the height of the mode. Since that speculation I have received a letter (which I there hinted at) from a gentleman who is now on the western circuit. "MR. SPECTATOR, "

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nishman by birth, I generally ride the western cirBeing a lawyer of the Middle-Temple, a Corcuit for my health; and as I am not interrupted with clients, have leisure to make many observations that escape the notice of my fellow-travellers.

"One of the most fashionable women I met with

in all the circuit was my landlady at Staines, where
I chanced to be on a holiday. Her commode was
not half a foot high, and her petticoat within som
yards of a modish circumference. In the same
place I observed a young fellow with a tolerable
periwig, had it not been covered with a hat that was
shaped in the Ramilie-cock. As I proceeded in my
journey, I observed the petticoat grew scantier and
scantier, and about threescore miles from London
in it without any manner of inconvenience.
was so very unfashionable, that a woman might walk

of peace's lady, who was at least ten years behind-
"Not far from Salisbury I took notice of a justice
hand in her dress, but at the same time as fine as
hands could make her. She was flounced and fur-
belowed from head to foot; every ribbon was
wrinkled, and every part of her garments in curl,
so that she looked like one of those animals which
in the country we call a Friezland hen.

"Not many miles beyond this place I was informed that one of the last year's little muffs had by some means or other straggled into those parts, and that all the women of fashion were cutting their old muffs in two, or retrenching them, according to the little model which was got among them. I cannot believe the report they have there, that it was sent down franked by a parliament-man in a little packet; but probably by next winter this fashion will be at the height in the country, when it is quite out at London.

"The greatest beau at our next country sessions was dressed in a most monstrous flaxen periwig, that was made in King William's reign. The wearer of it goes, it seems, in his own hair when he is at home, and lets his wig lie in a buckle for a whole half-year, that he may put it on upon occasion to meet the judges in it.

"I must not here omit an adventure which happened to us in a country church upon the frontiers of Cornwall. As we were in the midst of the service, a lady who is the chief woman of the place, and had passed the winter at London with her hus band, entered the congregation in a little head-dress, and a hooped petticoat. The people, who were woDderfully startled at such a sight, all of them rose up. Some stared at the prodigious bottom, and some at the little top of this strange dress. In the mean time the lady of the manor filled the area of the church, and walked up to her pew with an unspeak able satisfaction, amidst the whispers, conjectures, and astonishments of the whole congregation,

* Counsellers generally go on the circuits through the coun ties in which they are born and bred.

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