Sri Lanka: Current Issues and Historical Background
This book provides an overview of the development of a small country, which on the one hand, is unique, and on the other hand, is also an interesting reflection and microcosm of the global economy. Sri Lanka's development is one of the contrasts, complicated by social conflicts and ethnic tensions. Social, political, economic and constitutional developments are considered. This is in accordance with the Sri Lankan tradition of seeing the world as a connected whole. The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) is an island in the Indian Ocean approximately 18 miles off the south-eastern coast of India with a population of about 19 million. Density is highest in the south-west where Colombo, the country's main port and industrial centre, is located. Sri Lanka is ethnically, linguistically, and religiously diverse. Sri Lanka follows a non-aligned foreign policy. It participates in multilateral diplomacy, particularly at the United Nations, where it seeks to promote sovereignty, independence, and development in the developing world.
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activities administrative agricultural areas became British Buddhist capital caste Central century Ceylon changes Christian Colombo colonial constitution continued Council crops cultivation cultural decline District dominated Dutch early economic election established ethnic export families followed force foreign groups growth housing human important improvement income increased independence India industry institutions island Jaffna labor land language late leaders legislation Liberation living LTTE major million minority Muslim northern official Party percent period persons plantation political poor population Portuguese position problems production programme proposals provinces reforms regional religious remained result rice rubber rule rural schools sector Sinhala Sinhalese social society Sri Lanka Tamil trade traditional United United National Party urban villages workers zone
Page 10 - Forced Religious Conversion There were no reports of forced religious conversion, including of minor US...
Page 2 - ... toward the Tamils, saw themselves not as the majority, however, but as a minority in a large Tamil sea that included the 50 million Tamils across the strait in India's southern state of Tamil Nadu. In 1972, Ceylon was renamed Sri Lanka ("resplendent land"), as it was known in Indian epic literature. POLITICAL SITUATION Sri Lanka's political life has long featured a struggle between two broad umbrella parties - the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) and the United National Party (UNP) - both dominated...