Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation

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Robert I. Rotberg
Brookings Institution Press, Dec 1, 2010 - Political Science - 234 pages
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Sri Lanka, one of the most promising states in Asia following independence in 1948, has been torn apart for the past fifteen years by a vicious civil war. The majority Sinhala and minority Tamils have killed each other with increasing ferocity. The Tamils, who are primarily Hindu, fear losing their identity and being overwhelmed by the majority, who are Buddhist. The Sinhala, in turn, fear that the Tamils, with the backing of their ethnic kin in the Indian province of Tamil Nadu, will destabilize and take over control of the Sri Lankan government. Colonial-era rivalries and deep-rooted distrust fuel the tensions. What will bring about an end to this destructive conflict, and how will the island nation heal its physical and psychic wounds following a peace? How will a sustainable peace be arranged? Can mediation help? This book of essays by Sri Lankan and Western authors examines the causes of war and the possibilities for peace. Contributors are Chandra R. de Silva, Old Dominion University; Rohan Edrisinha, University of Colombo; Saman Kelegama, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka; David Little, United States Institute of Peace; Darini Rajasingham-Senanayake, Columbia University; Teresita C. Schaffer, former U.S. Ambassador to Sri Lanka; David Scott, Johns Hopkins University; Donald R. Snodgrass, Harvard Institute for International Development; Jayadeva Uyangoda, Sri Lanka Foundation; William Weisberg and Donna Hicks, Harvard University. A World Peace Foundation Book

 

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Contents

Sri Lankas Civil War From Mayhem toward Diplomatic Resolution
1
South Asias Enduring War
17
Religion and Ethnicity in the Sri Lankan Civil War
41
The Dangers of Devolution The Hidden Economies of Armed Conflict
57
Economic Costs of Conflict in Sri Lanka
71
The Economic Development of Sri Lanka A Tale of Missed Opportunities
89
The Role of Education in Ameliorating Political Violence in Sri Lanka
109
Peacemaking in Sri Lanka The Kumaratunga Initiative
131
Overcoming Obstacles to Peace An Examination of ThirdParty Processes
143
A Political Culture of Conflict
157
Constitutionalism Pluralism and Ethnic Conflict The Need for a New Initiative
169
Devolution and the Elusive Quest for Peace
189
Contributors
203
About the Sponsoring Institutions
207
Index
211
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About the author (2010)

Robert I. Rotberg is director of the Program on Intrastate Conflict, Conflict Prevention, and Conflict Resolution at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, and president of the World Peace Foundation. Rotberg is the author or editor of numerous books, including State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror (Brookings/WPF, 2003).

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