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beginning with Vijaya. Let the prince therefore grow up here, 58 even with me, so that no evil befall him. For this my son Gaja-Báhu is nowise able to acquire that which he has not gotten, or to retain that which he has got. And Mahinda, my 59 other son, although he possesseth valour and other virtues, is not meet to succeed me in the kingdom, being inferior in rank on his mother's side. Therefore, of a surety shall my nephew 60 become the heir to my kingdom, which teemeth with riches that have been heaped up by me." And, with his mind full of 61 such thoughts, he sent messengers with presents of princely ornaments and other valuable gifts to fetch the young prince. And the king Víra-Báhu (Máṇábharana) having heard every- 62 thing from the mouth of the messengers, said unto himself: "The words that he hath spoken are the words of truth and wisdom, intended to profit me; nevertheless it doth not behove 63 me to part with a son begotten of my body, that so I may turn aside the evil that impendeth on me. Moreover, if the prince 64 be removed thither (to Pulatthi) the party of Vikkama-Báhu 65 will, like a fire that burneth stronger before a fierce gust of wind, shine forth with an exceeding great blaze of glory, and our house will of a surety suffer, in every wise, a great loss." Having pondered thus within himself, he withheld his son from 66 the messengers that came to fetch him, and dismissed them after that he had gladdened their hearts with gifts of great value.

And that lord of men (Máṇábharaṇa), while he dwelt there 67 in peace and harmony with his wife and his children, was smitten with a severe disease, and quitted his body and kingdom together. Thus endeth the sixty-second chapter, entitled "The Birth of the Prince," in the Mahávansa, composed equally for the delight and amazement of good men.

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HEN the two other brothers, having heard of the death of 1 their eldest brother Máṇábharaṇa (Víra-Bahu), made

haste each from his own country, and caused the last funeral rite to be performed. And Kitti Sirimegha took posses- 2 sion of his elder brother's country, and calling his younger brother 3 gave unto him the two other countries, and commanded him to dwell there. So he (Siri Vallabha) hearkened to the request of 91-87

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4 his elder brother, and went to the city Mahánágakula with the

queen Ratanávali and her two daughters, and lived there peace5 ably; and when the ceremony of the tonsure had been performed 6 on the prince, he brought him up with great care. Thereafter, being desirous of giving the queen's eldest daughter Mittá to wife unto his son, he took counsel with his ministers, saying, 7 "It is indeed true that princes sprung from the race of Kálinga have, more often, attained to the sovereignty of this island again. 8 and again. Now, should the queen (Ratanávali) secretly send 9 her daughter to be given to wife to Gaja-Báhu, who is of the house of Kálinga, he would wax stronger by the marriage, and 10 this my son would utterly become helpless. Wherefore, if this

princess be given unto my son to wife, then of a surety shall 11 prosperity attend us." And the queen, who was an ornament of

the race of the Sun, having heard all these things, wished not to 12 agree thereto, and spake these words unto the king: "When the prince Vijaya slew all the evil spirits and made this island of Lanká a habitation for men, from that time forth came the race 13 of Vijaya to be allied to us, and we gave not in marriage save 14 unto those born of the race of Kálinga; and so long as there 15 remain princes born of the race of the Moon, how can an alliance

take place between us and this prince, who is only known unto 16 us as an A'ryan, albeit born of you?" Nevertheless, even

though the queen withstood him in divers ways, he forcibly gave 17 the princess to his own son to wife; and thenceforth, walking

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in the footsteps of his wife who was distinguished for her manifold virtues, he gained the goodwill of all the people, and lived with his father.

And it came to pass that Vikkama Báhu died after he had enjoyed the kingdom for one and twenty years, and passed away to the other world according to his deeds.

Then Gaja-Báhu took possession of the rich kingdom filled with troops and chariots, and abode in the city of Pulatthi. 20 And the tidings thereof having reached the ears of the kings

Kitti Sirimegha and Siri Vallabha, they took counsel with each 21 other in this wise: "It seems no disgrace to us that VikkamaBáhu, by reason of his seniority and for divers other reasons, had 22 assumed the office of chief king; but, surely, it is not meet that we should look on complacently while his son, the young prince,

* Máṇábharana. See chap. LXII., v. 2.

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taketh upon him the government of the chief kingdom. There- 23 fore it is right that we should wrest the kingdom from him before his throne is established." Thinking thus within them- 24 selves, they spread disaffection throughout the whole Velakkára 25 army by distributing money among it. And so it came to pass that, save a few of the servants who were in the king's favour, the inhabitants of the land were displeased with king Gaja-Báhu, and sent secret messengers in many ways unto the two kings, saying, "We who are all of one mind will strive 26 to gain the kingdom for you, if you would only help us." There- 27 upon the two brothers made haste and got ready each his own army and invaded Gaja-Báhu's country on both sides, and sent 28 messengers unto him (calling on him to give up the kingdom). Then king Gaja-Báhu assembled all his ministers and took counsel together. And they resolved in this wise: "The whole 29 Velakkára army hath openly rebelled, and the two kings have invaded our country (on two sides) ready to give battle. If, 30 therefore, we should first speedily crush the stronger of them, the other could be dealt with afterwards." And when he had 31 thus determined he (Gaja-Báhu) took with him all his forces and materiel of war, and went against Siri Vallabha to give 32 him battle. And Siri Vallabha also fought fiercely in battle, even from the morning unto the evening; but he could not overcome 33 him in the least, and he ceased therefore to fight and hastened back to his own country. And the king Kitti Sirimegha also, 34 having been discomfited by Gokanna, an officer of Gaja- Báhu, went to his own country. And the king Gaja-Báhu suffered no 35 loss whatsoever in this war, and went back to the neighbourhood of the city, and, after he had punished many great chiefs who had showed themselves traitors to him and restored peace to 36 the country, he entered his own city.

After that time these three kings lived, each in his own country, 37 in friendship with each other.

Thereafter, Parakkama-Bahu, the son of the king (Máná- 38 bharaṇa, or Víra-Báhu), having increased in wisdom and practised himself diligently in various arts, and being wise to discern 39 the things that should be done and the things that should not be done, and being gifted with lofty ambition and great good fortune, was not tempted by the pleasure of living with his 40 mother's sister, nor was he enticed by the pleasures of youth.

A body of mercenary soldiers.

41 So he thought thus: "How can the sons of kings, like unto us, who are endued with courage and other virtues, dwell in the 42 borders of a kingdom such as this? Even now, therefore, shall I

go to the land of my birth, which should be the heritage 43 of a sub-king." And then he departed with his retinue and came in due course to the country called Sankhatthali. And Kitti Sirimegha having heard that he had arrived there, thought 44 in this wise: "Now is my grief allayed, and the loneliness of my heart in that I have not a son to inherit my kingdom. 45 Blessed am I that I can now always behold, as it were, my 46 eldest brother in his son, who is even his own image." And being moved by such pleasant thoughts, the king caused the beautiful city to be adorned with arches and in divers other 47 ways, and on a day when the moon and the stars were considered favourable he went to meet him, accompanied by a great 48 multitude of men of might. And when he had beholden the

prince, who was gifted with exceeding rare virtues and with a 49 grace of form, he was filled with delight, and tenderly embraced

him and pressed him to his bosom, and ofttimes kissed the crown 50 of his head. And in the presence of all the people he shed 51 tears of joy without ceasing, and when he had mounted a beautiful

chariot with his nephew, he proceeded to the city, filling every 52 quarter with the noise of drums; and after he had shown the sights of the city to his brother's son, he entered the royal palace with him.

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Then the prince received a retinue of footmen, cooks, and servants of divers kinds, and dwelt in ease and comfort in the house of his father's brother, who was pleased with him for his many virtues.

Thus endeth the sixty-third chapter, entitled "The Journey to the City of Sankhatthali," in the Mahávansa, composed equally for the delight and amazement of good men.

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CHAPTER LXIV.

ND when he had arrived at the country of his birth,

which was his heart's desire, the prince had his object fully accomplished, and he was freed from all anxiety. 2 And with the help of a higher wisdom, solid like unto a diamond, 3 he quickly gained a knowledge of divers arts and sciences. In religion, in the various systems of laws such as Kocalla and the

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like, in the science of words, in poetry, including collections of synonyms and the art of planning stories, in dancing and music and riding, in the use of the sword and the bow, and in such other arts did he perfect himself exceedingly, because he had been thoroughly instructed therein. He always dwelt with his uncle, comporting himself reverently towards him, and conforming his conduct to his desire. At that time the king, 6 being much pleased with the affection, good manners, and other virtues unceasingly manifested by his nephew, lived with him as with a beloved friend, and in divers ways enjoyed with him 7 the pleasures of the park, sports on the water, and other pastimes, and travelled about with him in divers parts of the country. One day (in the course of the king's travels) he came nigh 8 unto a village named Badalatthali, where Sangha Senadhipati 9 dwelt, a man of might, strongly devoted (to the king's cause), and who had been set to guard the boundary of the king's dominions. This general, having heard thereof, caused the 10 village to be decorated tastefully, and having gone forth to meet the king and his nephew, bowed down and stood before them. Thereupon both the father and the nephew* spake 11 kindly to him, and, having been much pressed by him, they went to that village. And the king sojourned there a few 12 days, and sent unto the general and spake these words. unto him: 66 My son (nephew) has even now attained his 13 age and is fit for the rite of investiture. Therefore it is meet 14 that great preparations should be made for that end." And the general having heard these words, straightway made all preparations for the feast. The king thereupon first made great offerings, 15 such as scents, lamps, and flowers, to the three Sacred Objects for three days, and concluded the ceremony as became the 16 grandeur of the occasion with the help of Brahmans who were versed in the social laws contained in the Vedas; and then, 17 with his ministers and the prince Parakkama, he commenced to enjoy the great sports and pastimes of (the season of) spring. Now at this time the king, Kitti Sirimegha, having heard from 18

All throughout the narrative the nephew is called 'son' (putta) and the uncle 'father.' According to Eastern usage, a nephew calls his father's brother 'big-father' or 'little-father,' as the case may be.

† Upanayana: the investiture with the sacred thread of the Brahmana, Kshatriya, and Vaisya classes, which take place respectively from eight to sixteen, from eleven to twenty-two, and from twelve to twenty-four years of age.

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