Toward a Science of Consciousness: The First Tucson Discussions and Debates, Volume 1

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Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak, Alwyn Scott
MIT Press, 1996 - Psychology - 790 pages
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Scientists and philosophers are focusing more intensely than ever on the nature of our human experience, resulting in a newly coalescing field of Consciousness Studies that has become a worldwide and highly interdisciplinary phenomenon.

Toward a Science of Consciousness marks the first major gathering -- a landmark event -- devoted entirely to unlocking the mysteries of consciousness. It explores the whole spectrum of approaches from philosophy of mind and dream research, to neuropsychology, pharmacology, and molecular dynamics, to neural networks, phenomenological accounts, and even the physics of reality. The aim is to lay a sound scientific foundation for future research while also reaching consensus on many scattered areas of inquiry.

Following an overview, fifty-five chapters are divided into ten sections: philosophy, cognitive science, medicine/pathology, neurology, neural networks, subneural biology, quantum theory, non-locality in space and time, hierarchical organization, and phenomenology.

In addition to the editors, who are, respectively, an anesthesiologist, a psychologist, and an applied mathematician, contributors include such luminaries as David Chalmers, Michael Conrad, Avshalom Elitzur, Owen Flanagan, David Galin, John Kihlstrom, Christof Koch, Benjamin Libet, Roger Penrose, Karl Pribram, Gary Schwartz, Petra Stoerig, John Taylor, Andrew Weil, Fred Wolf, and many others.

 

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Contents

Consciousness and the Introspective Link Principle
29
The Binding Problem and Neurobiological Oscillations
51
The Spandrels of Sleep
67
Cognitive Science
89
Efference and the Extension of Consciousness
105
Sharpen
121
Biological Roots
141
Medicine
165
Subneural Biology
393
Microtubular SelfOrganization and Information
407
Computer Simulation of Anesthetic Binding in Protein
425
Consciousness and BoseEinstein Condensates
439
Implications
493
Orchestrated Reduction of Quantum Coherence in Brain
507
Nonlocal Space and Time
541
A New Computational Paradigm
569

Conflicting Communicative Behavior in a SplitBrain
189
Evidence for Language Comprehension in a Severe
223
Experimental Neuroscience
243
Visual Perception and Phenomenal Consciousness
259
Implicit Memory During Anesthesia
295
Experimental Evidence for a Synchronization of Sensory
303
Positron Emission Tomography Emotion and Consciousness
311
Dimensional Complexity of Human EEG and Level
321
Collapse of a Quantum Field May Affect Brain Function
331
Neural Time Factors in Conscious and Unconscious
337
Neural Networks
349
Artificial Attention in an Oscillatory Neural Network
377
Categorization Far From
383
Psi and Consciousness
589
Hierarchical Organization
609
A Framework for HigherOrder Cognition and Consciousness
633
Bioenergetic Foundations of Consciousness
649
Phenomenology
673
What Can Music Tell Us About the Nature of the Mind?
691
Implications
707
Overview
725
The Possibility of Empirical Test of Hypotheses
739
Addressing
743
Index
759
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