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leg. Arms hang down and hands grasp two upright poles near sides of coin, of which that on 1. becomes a wide bident above level of neck, 1. prong ending in a barbed point. A bead above each shoulder, and some kind of covering or headdress on head, extending beyond it laterally.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika, turned 1. Facing it on r., the recumbent humped bull. Vase on 1. with plant, facing Swastika.
10. 1.20 in. by 70 in.; weight 38 grains.
O. Standing deity, facing f., very narrow-waisted, with bangle on 1. wrist. Side uprights barely distinguishable; that on r. appears to end in bident opposite neck. A circlet of beads extends from shoulders and round head, on each side of which three are visible.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika, turned 1., with arms and basal uprights pointed. Indistinct symbols below it; that on r. may be the recumbent bull facing it. H. P. About one
11. 114 in. by 66 in.; weight 46 grains. tenth of the coin has been cut off r. upper corner; allowing for this, the full weight would be about 50 grains. Design is in higher relief.
O. Standing deity, facing f., with wider waist. hold upright poles or stems near sides of coin. Arched line over head with lower edge scalloped. A bead above each shoulder, and another over it on 1.; there may have been seven round the head. There are indications of flowers on stems on each side of the legs.
R. Raised Swastika, turned r. Base straight; short side uprights resting on it are pointed at ends. In space to r. a kneeling humped bull, with r. fore-foot on ground. Tail is curled back on 1. quarter, its end being on the ground. The bull is tied to the Swastika by a halter. Two points on its neck may indicate two collars. On 1. a wide vase on a flat base; tree grows out of it, an upright stem, from which branch four side shoots, ending in leaves or flowers. H. P. 12. 1.12 in. by 65 in.; weight 51 grains.
O. Standing deity, facing f., indistinct. Hands hold uprights near edge; that on r. may end in bident. A bead
on each side above shoulders, and anklet on r. leg. Transverse bar below feet bent downward in middle.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika on strong stem, turned r. Recumbent humped bull on 1. facing Swastika, with hanging ears and dewlap. On r. a round-bodied vase out of which grow probably three stems, two only being visible, each ending in a leaf or flower.
13. 1.04 in. by 60 in.; weight 29 grains.
O. Standing deity, facing f. Anklet on left leg; lower part of other leg indistinguishable. Upright pole on r. appears above shoulder to curl round towards head in a rough circle, which may possibly be a large trumpet-mouthed flower.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika, turned 1. The only two basal uprights which are distinguishable end in points. To r., recumbent humped bull facing Swastika. To 1., vase with wide mouth facing Swāstika; r. shoot from it ends in a broad pointed leaf. No transverse bar under base line of Swastika, this being the only coin which shows clearly that this special feature of the Tissa coins is omitted from those found at Mulleittivu.
14. 1.18 in. by 66 in.; weight 56 grains. O. Standing deity in relief, facing f., feet turned half outwards; holds upright pole at each side. That on r. becomes a bident at level of chin, with horizontal base and prongs sloping slightly outwards. A broad circlet passes from inner prongs over the head, and on the under side has a scalloped edge. There are seven beads round the head, the two lowest being close to shoulders. On r. wrist two bangles, and anklet on r. leg. To 1. between leg and pole, a raised symbol, the side view of a lotus leaf on an upright stem. To r. a thin curved stem ending in large flower. A fold of the dress hangs down between the legs. Three cuts across r. foot indicate a shoe or slipper.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika, with thick arms turned r., two short thin bars cross the ends of its arms and of the basal uprights. To r. recumbent humped bull facing Swastika, to which it is tied by a halter. To 1., a wide heartshaped vase, pointed at bottom and having a high neck and
lip, with upright plant ending in one leaf; it has a r. and 1. branch, former ending in a large leaf.
15. 1.04 in. by 66 in.; weight 51 grains.
O. Standing deity, facing f., holding upright poles at sides; bangles on wrists. A flattened circlet passes over head, from uprights. Traces of beads round head.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika, appearing to turn r, with pointed basal uprights. End of central arm on r., the only one distinguishable, seems to be bent horizontally towards the stem and to end in a fork. To r., recumbent humped bull, facing Swastika. To 1., a vase out of which grows an upright tree, perhaps ending in three large leaves. H. P. 16. 1.20 in. by 66 in.; weight 54 grains.
O. Standing deity (goddess) with small waist, facing f., and grasping a thick pole at each side of coin. Two bangles on r. wrist, and one or more on 1.; anklets on legs. A broad bead on each side of neck.
R. Raised Swastika, the side uprights end in points; ends of arms are not visible. Bull and vase as usual.
17. 1-21 in. by 74 in.; weight 52 grains.
O. Vigorous figure of deity (goddess) with very narrow waist, facing f.; apparently an anklet on each leg. A raised bead on each side of neck. Hands seem to hold usual upright poles.
R. Opposed to O. Raised Swastika, turned r. Basal uprights end in points; ends of arms not distinguishable. Usual bull and vase, transposed to 1. and r. respectively. Vase has flat base, very narrow mouth, out of which grows a plant of three shoots each ending in one leaf. Col. Mus.
18. 1.20 in. by 68 in.; weight 51 grains. O. Standing deity, facing f.; one or two anklets on each leg. Upright pole on r., at edge of coin.
R. Raised Swastika, turned 1., on wide stem, with very short basal uprights. To l., recumbent humped bull facing base line; the only instance in which it does not face the Swāstika. To r. the vase also inverted, with plant of three shoots each ending in a leaf. Col. Mus.
19. 1.20 in. by 71 in.; weight 29 grains.
O. Standing deity with wider waist, facing f.; two bangles on r. wrist, and a bead above each shoulder. Feet and other hand not visible. Upright pole to r. appears to end in bident with prongs inclined outwards. Portion of arched line over head is visible. On each side of legs are reliefs that I cannot identify. R.
Opposed to O. Swastika turned r. Bull with curled tail; two shoots of plant visible. Col. Mus. 20. A portion only. 97 in. by 76 in.; weight 191 grains. O. Standing deity, facing f.
R. Recumbent bull, repunched from O.
R. Massie. 21. A portion only. 92 in. by 56 to 64 in.; weight 42 grains.
O. Standing deity, perhaps facing half 1. Bangles and anklets as usual, and upright poles at sides; the pointed head of one, at shoulder-level, appears to show that they are javelins. A bead on each side of neck.
R. Opposed to O. Swastika, turned r. Design to r. indistinct; to 1. a full-bodied vase in good relief, with small mouth and distinct lip. Parts of three shoots each terminated by a leaf. ? Brit. Mus. 1.10 in. by 68 to 73 in.; weight 47 grains. O. Standing deity with narrow waist, facing f. Each hand holds upright pole at side of coin, that to r. having a square knob at its base. Bangles and anklets as usual, and a bead on each side of neck. Circlet passes over head, appearing to rest at each end on the side poles.
R. Indistinct; part of Swastika. Usual bull and vase; plant of two shoots each branching into two. ? Brit. Mus.
23. To these I add one coin purchased for me at Anurādhapura by my friend Mr. Balfour of the Irrigation Department, as it is of the same type as the foregoing, and unlike others dug up at that town which are described below.
1.09 in. by 62 in.; weight 41 grains.
O. Standing deity with narrow waist, facing f. Anklet on 1. leg. Arms as usual; 1. one holds an upright pole which appears to become a bident at level of neck.