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discovered, notwithstanding Mr. Bell's excavations throughout. the ruins of the ancient capital, Anuradhapura. When that is the case with coins of such comparatively recent date, little surprise should be felt that the money of Vedic times has remained so long unknown. Its absence is not a proof that

such a coinage did not exist.

I mention this because it appears to be probable that the oldest examples of the Mulleittivu money, and also some of the Puranas found by Mr. Bell, may date from an extremely early time, and though later than the Vedic age may have preserved the type of a coinage which may have been current in that period, or shortly afterwards.

I give illustrations of the best specimens found at Mulleittivu, together with typical examples of the smaller variety (Fig. No. 154). Some of the symbols on the former coins are clearly defined; it must be presumed that these were impressed long after the money was issued, the reduced weights of the coins on which they occur plainly showing that they have been in circulation for a period long enough to have nearly or totally worn them away had they been stamped soon after the coins were made.

Beginning at the top and proceeding down the left side in the direction taken by the quadrupeds, the emblems on the coins which are illustrated are as follows:

(a) Rectangular, with two corners cut off; 72 in. by 68 in weight 37 grains.

Obverse. Standing Humped Bull, wearing a collar, which is indicated by a projection on the nape and throat; Wheel or Sun symbol; Dog; Symbol composed of two concentric circles-that is, a disk with a circular band round it-from the outer circumference of which project six emblems (parts of three only can be seen); Tree.

Reverse. A straight leafy Branch in centre, in a very narrow ellipse; and remains of other symbols, among them apparently a Fish, a Structure of five or six arches, a' Taurine' emblem, and possibly another form of Tree.

(b) Rectangular, with corners rounded by wear; -66 in. by 61 in; weight 39 grains.

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discovered, notwithstanding Mr. Bell's excavations throughout the ruins of the ancient capital, Anuradhapura. When that is the case with coins of such comparatively recent date, little surprise should be felt that the money of Vedic times has remained so long unknown. Its absence is not a proof that such a coinage did not exist.

I mention this because it appears to be probable that the oldest examples of the Mulleittīvu money, and also some of the Puranas found by Mr. Bell, may date from an extremely early time, and though later than the Vedic age may have preserved the type of a coinage which may have been current in that period, or shortly afterwards.

I give illustrations of the best specimens found at Mulleittivu, together with typical examples of the smaller variety (Fig. No. 154). Some of the symbols on the former coins are clearly defined; it must be presumed that these were impressed long after the money was issued, the reduced weights of the coins on which they occur plainly showing that they have been in circulation for a period long enough to have nearly or totally worn them away had they been stamped soon after the coins were made.

Beginning at the top and proceeding down the left side in the direction taken by the quadrupeds, the emblems on the coins which are illustrated are as follows:

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(a.) Rectangular, with two corners cut off; 72 in. by 68 in.; weight 37 grains.

Obverse. Standing Humped Bull, wearing a collar, which is indicated by a projection on the nape and throat; Wheel or Sun symbol; Dog; Symbol composed of two concentric circles—that is, a disk with a circular band round it-from the outer circumference of which project six emblems (parts of three only can be seen); Tree.

Reverse. A straight leafy Branch in centre, in a very narrow ellipse; and remains of other symbols, among them apparently a Fish, a Structure of five or six arches, a' Taurine' emblem, and possibly another form of Tree.

(b.) Rectangular, with corners rounded by wear; 66 in. by 61 in.; weight 39 grains.

O. Dog with raised tail and forequarters lowered as though about to spring forward, standing on two arches, the tops of which are visible; Tusk Elephant; Circle with emblems; two Arches of a structure of which probably a third one has been destroyed by being over-stamped with the Elephant; Humped Bull with collar; Sun emblem.

R. Broad plain cross in a circular punch-mark; Tree (inverted) and remains of other symbols among which may be the three-arched Structure.

(c.) Rectangular, with corners rounded by wear; 68 in. by 62 in; weight 38 grains.

O. Bull; Circle with six emblems; a form of Tree punched over one of the last emblems; three arches of a Structure which probably had five, three in the lower row and two above them; these last are separated by a central space over which stands a Dog, with its hind feet on one arch and forefeet on the other; Sun emblem, the inner disk of which is connected with the outer ring by tiny spokes.

R. (not illustrated). Upright Axe with handle, or part of a Steel-yard, the whole punch-mark being a half ellipse; three Beads attached to the sides of a sector-shaped punchmark; Tree, and fragment of a symbol.

(d.) Irregular oval in shape; 87 in. by 72 in.; weight 30 grains. O. Dog; an uncertain symbol; Sun emblem; uncertain Quadruped behind with thick legs; a figure from the five angles of which rise twigs with three leaves which form crosses, a flower or fruit on a short stem being in each intermediate space (only half the figure is on this coin); concentric Circles with six emblems. Quadruped wearing a broad collar and having two cuts above the tail.

R. Symbol which is possibly a Yak-tail Fly-whisk; Sun emblem; Fish; above these the Structure with three arches, surmounted by a crescent; above this a fragmentary symbol; part of uncertain symbol; a long punch-mark in which are a 'Taurine' symbol and two concentric circles without surrounding emblems; two uncertain symbols; an oblong punch-mark, inside which is a transverse bar near each end and a minute emblem between these.

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