Page images



to the general treatment of the subject. Perhaps it is well that the learning and genius of Professor Max Müller should be given mainly to subjects which are less within the rach of ordinary European students han is Islam, but it is impossible not to wish that he may some day give the world a 'Chip' or two on the Religion of Mohammed.

For books which throw light on the specialities of Mohammedanism in different countries:-

Al-Makkari's History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in Spain' (Eng. Trans.).

Sir John Malcolm's History of Persia,' 1815.

Conde's 'History of the Dominion of the Arabs in Spain' (1820-21).

Crawfurd's 'Indian Archipelago' (1820).

Colonel Briggs's 'Rise of the Mohammedan Power in India,' translated from the Persian of Ferishta (1829).

Sir Stamford Raffles' History of Java' (2nd edition), (1830). Burckhardt's Travels in Arabia' (1829).

Caille's Travels through Central Africa to Timbuctoo,' (1830.)

[ocr errors]

Burckhardt's Notes on the Bedouins and Wah-Habees'


Lane's 'Modern Egyptians' (1836).

Burton's 'Pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina' (1856).

Barth's 'Travels in Central Africa' (1857).

Waitz's 'Anthropologie der Naturvölker' (Leipsig, 186c).

Lane's Notes to his Translation of the Thousand and One

Nights' (new edition, edited by E. S. Poole, 1865).

Elphinstone's History of India' (3rd edition), (1866).

Palgrave's 'Arabia' (1867).

[ocr errors]

Hunter's Indian Mussulmans,' (1871).

Shaw's High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar' (1871).
Burton's 'Zanzibar' (1872).

[ocr errors]

Palgrave's Essays on Eastern Subjects' (1872).

'Report of the General Missionary Conference at Allahabad' (1873).

Three Articles in Periodical Literature, besides 'Islam' mentioned above, are of very high merit, and have furnished me, in enlarging my work, with some matter for reflection or criticism :

'Mahomet,' "National Review' (July 1858).

'The Great Arabian,'' National Review' (October 1861).

[ocr errors]

Mahomet,' 'British Quarterly Review' (January 1872).

Among other works which I regret I have not been able to consult may be mentioned:

Gerock's 'Versuch einer Darstellung der Christologie des Koran' (Homburg, 1839).

Freeman's Lectures on the History and Conquests of the Saracens' (1856).

Geiger's 'Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen?'

[ocr errors]

Nöldeke's Geschichte des Qorans.'

Essays on the Life of Mohammed and subjects subsidiary thereto,' by Syed Ahmed Khan Bahador, 1870.

'A Critical Examination of the Life and Teachings of Mohammed,' by Syed Ameer Ali Moulla (1873).

The last two books I had not heard of when I wrote the substance of these Lectures; and in enlarging my work, I have purposely abstained from consulting them, as I have been given to understand that from a Mohammedan point of view they advocate something of the spirit, and arrive at some of the results, which it had been my object to urge from the Christian stand-point. I would not, of course, venture to compare my own imperfect work, derived as it is in the main from the study of books in the



European languages, and from reflection upon the materials they supply, with works drawn, as I presume, directly from the fountain-head. But if the starting-points be different, and the routes entirely independent of each other, and yet there turns out to be a similarity in the results arrived at, possibly each may feel greater confidence that there is something of value in his conclusions.





Comparative Religion.-Historical Religions of the world moral in
their origin, rather than theological.-Judaism-Buddhism---
Christianity.—Religion in Greece--Question of originality of Mo-
hammedanism.-Two views of Religion.-Obscurity of all origins,
above all of Religion-Dim knowledge of Founders of other
Religions-Full knowledge of Mohammed. - Bible and Koran con-
trasted.-Difficult in other creeds to distinguish the foundation from
the superstructure; possible in Islam.-Problems connected with
Mohammed's character.--Survey of the Saracen Conquests, and of
what Mohammedanism overthrew.-Its position now-is it losing
or gaining ground?-China-East Indian Archipelago-America-
Africa-Extraordinary success of its missionaries there now. -Its
progress in the African continent traced historically.-Spreads even
into European settlements.-What it has done for Africa, intel-
lectually and morally; and what Christians have done. -Testimony
of Mungo Park, Barth, Blyden.-Islam a comparative benefit.-Its
probable future in Africa-Armenia and Kurdistan, Revival there.—
India; few, if any, converts to Christianity.—Supreme importance
of the subject to England, yet ignorance or indifference.-Causes
ordinarily suggested for its success reviewed.-National and Re-
ligious prejudices stand in way of a fair judgment. — Principles
which must guide investigation. -Do Religions differ in kind?—
Sacred Books and their influence.-Missionary work; its limits
and legitimate objects. -Can the world be Christianised? PAGE I

« PreviousContinue »