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generally were goats, pigs, and oxen; but at Taurica they immolated on her altars all strangers who were unhappily shipwrecked on their coasts: among plants, the poppy and the dittany were sacred to her. This goddess is known by a variety of names, the principal are, Phœbe, Delia, Luna, Taurica, Cynthia, and Aricia; she is supposed to have been the Isis of the Egyptians. In Hell, Diana was known and adored as Hecaté, and under that appellation great power was ascribed to her in the regions of Pluto, and the most solemn oaths made in her name.
Hath honoured, and endowed with splendid gifts:
To him, whose prayer the goddess gracious hears,
She, in the greatness of her power is nigh
O'er the great council of the people shines:
She, as she lists, is nigh to charioteers
With vows and his, loud-sounding god of waves,
The glorious goddess yields the woodland prey
To herd and fold; and bids increase the droves
Haste thee, nymph, whose winged spear,
Huntress of the savage wild!
Goddess with the sun-bright hair!
Turn, to Lethe's river turn,
There thy vanquished people mourn.
MOORE'S Anacreon, ode 64.
Mercury was the son of Jupiter and Maia; he was born on Mount Collene in Arcadia, and entrusted during his infancy to the care of the Seasons; he was the messenger of the Gods, particularly of Jupiter, and the patron of travellers, shepherds, orators, and merchants; also of thieves, and dishonest persons of every kind: he is said to have been the inventor of weights and measures, and of the seven-stringed lyre, which he presented to Apollo, and received from him in return the famous caduceus, or serpent-wand, with which he conducted the souls of the dead to the infernal regions.
Mercury was worshipped by the Greeks generally under the name of Hermes, but he was known as Cyllenius, from the place of his birth; Caduceator, Delins, and Arcas, and in Boeotia as Criophorus; he was universally adored in Greece, Egypt, and Italy; his principal offspring were Hermaphroditus, Pan, and Endorus.
Mercury is often represented as in the annexed plate,—a young man, with the petasus, or winged cap, given to him by Jupiter, on his head; wings on his feet, and the caduceus in his hand; at other times, with a purse in his hand, a cock on his wrist, and a goat, a scorpion, and a fly at his feet. Horace thus addresses him :
Sweet smooth-tongued god, wise Atlas son,
Thee, thee my muse shall gladly sing,
Unless you would restore the cows,
Now he had lost his bow Apollo smiled.