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Proserpine, the wife of Pluto, and queen of the infernal regions; she was

the daughter of Ceres.

Persephone, compelled to fly

Her fruitful mother and the cheerful sky,
Third Hecate!


Pallas, a name of Minerva.

Palmyra, a city of Palmyrene, to the east of Syria, now known as Tadmor in the desert; it was the capital of the celebrated Zenobia, and is famed for its beautiful ruins.

Pales, a rural goddess, held in great veneration by the Romans; her festivals, instituted by Romulus, were called Palilia.

Thy fields, propitious Pales, I rehearse,
And sing thy pastures in no vulgar verse.

Panacea, a daughter of Esculapius.


Parnassus, a mountain of Greece, one of the highest in Europe; it was
peculiarly sacred to Apollo and the Muses, and near its summit Delphi
was situated. The scriptural account of the ark of Noah resting upon
Ararat after the deluge, has been by the poets transferred to Parnassus.
A mountain of stupendous height there stands
Betwixt th' Athenian and Boeotian lands,

The bound of fruitful fields, while fields they were,
But then a world of waters did appear:

Parnassus is its name; whose forky rise

Mounts through the clouds, and mates the lofty skies.
High on the summit of this dubious cliff,
Deucalion, wafting, moored his little skiff.

Panomphæus, a name of Jupiter.

Panopolis, a town of Egypt, where Pan was worshipped.


Pantheon, a celebrated temple at Rome, which was dedicated to all the gods, and contained their statues.

Psamathe, one of the Nereides.

Psamathe, the goddess famed,

Who sprang from ancient Nereus of the sea.


Paphos, the principal city of the island of Cyprus; Venus was peculiarly worshipped there, and, from the place, received the name of Paphia.

To the soft Cyprian shores the goddess moves,
To visit Paphos and her blooming groves;
Where to the Power a hundred altars rise,
And breathing odours scent the balmy skies.



Panopia, one of the Nereides, usually invoked by mariners in storms. Parca, another name for the Fates; they are referred to by the ancients as extremely powerful goddesses, Jove himself being subject to their decrees. Their abode is variously described, sometimes as a splendid palace, in which all events destined to occur to mankind are engraven on tablets of iron or brass, signifying that they are immutable. worship of the Parce was common in Sparta, Rome, Olympia, Megara, Verona, Tuscany, and Sicyon. They are sometimes represented crowned with stars; and to Atropos, who is distinguished by a long black veil, is assigned the office of cutting the hair, which prevents the soul from quitting the body.

The sisters had not cut the fatal hair,

Which Proserpine and they can only know,
Nor made her sacred to the shades below.


Paris, the son of Priam and Hecuba; it was foretold before his birth that he would be the cause of great distress to Troy, on which account his father commanded his destruction; but he was rescued by his mother, and concealed among the shepherds of mount Ida. In the

contest concerning the golden apple, Venus promised to Paris the fairest woman on the earth as his bride; in consequence of this he sailed for Sparta to see the far-famed Helen, whom he persuaded to elope with him to Troy. In the following siege, which has been so frequently adverted to in this volume, Paris occasionally distinguished himself by his bravery, although he is usually described by historians as vain and effeminate. Some authors assert that Paris, guided by Apollo, despatched the arrow which terminated the career of Achilles, and that he afterwards fell by the hand of Philoctetes.

Forth issues Paris from the palace wall,

In brazen arms that cast a gleamy ray,

Swift through the town the warrior bends his way,
With equal triumph, sprightly, bold, and gay,

In arms refulgent as the god of day,

The son of Priam, glorying in his might,

Rushed forth with Hector to the fields of fight.


Paros, one of the Cyclades, famed for its beautiful marble; it received its name from Paros, the son of Jason. This island was the birthplace of the celebrated sculptors Phidias and Praxiteles. The Arundelian marbles were found here; they narrate the principal affairs of Greece from B. C. 1582, and are now preserved at Oxford. Paros has been called Zacynthus, Demetrius, Cabarnis, &c.

Parrhasia, a town of Arcadia, built by Parrhasius, a son of Jupiter. Ceres was the titular goddess of the town.

Parrhasia, on her snowy cliffs reclined.


Parthenon, a celebrated temple at Athens, dedicated to Minerva, as the guardian of the place; her statue of gold and ivory was considered the masterpiece of Phidias; the history of the goddess was pourtrayed

over the entrance in bas-relief. The original temple was destroyed by the Persians; and the succeeding one, the ruins of which are still so greatly admired, was erected by command of Pericles.

Pegasus, the famous winged horse, belonging to Apollo and the Muses; he chiefly resided on mount Helicon, from which, by a blow of his foot, he raised the fountain Hippocrene. Bellerophon was mounted upon Pegasus when he conquered the Chimera, and Perseus when he released Andromeda. Pegasus forms one of the constellations.

Pegasus, the steed, who born beside

Old Nilus' fountains, thence derived a name.


Paxos, a small island near the Echinades, in the Ionian sea.

Pausus, a god of repose.

Perseis, one of the Oceanides.

Perseis, ocean-nymph illustrious.


Patroa, a name of Diana.

Phaton, the son of Sol and Clymene: he entreated his father to allow him for one day to guide his chariot, but the steeds becoming unmanageable, he involved the world in flames; Phæton was precipitated from his seat, and killed by a thunderbolt from Jove. The Latian nymphs bewailed his death, and thus expressed their sorrow.

Here he who drove the sun's bright chariot lies;

His father's fiery steeds he could not guide,

But in the glorious enterprize he died.

Polyhymnia, the Muse of Rhetoric.


Parthenope, one of the Syrens, who was drowned on the coast of Naples, which, from her fate, received the name of Parthenope.

Patroclus, the son of Mencetius and Sthenele; he was the dearest friend of Achilles, who once more joined the Greeks to avenge the death of Patroclus, he having fallen by the hand of Hector.

The lance arrests him with a mortal wound:

He falls;-earth shudders;-and his arms resound.
With him all Greece was sunk; that moment all
Her yet surviving heroes seemed to fall.


Pavor, a Roman goddess; Tullus Hostilius built the first temple dedicated to her.

Pelasgia, an ancient name for a part of Greece; the inhabitants, called Pelasgi, were some of the earliests colonists of the country.

Peleus, a king of Thessaly, son of Æacus, and Endeis, the daughter of Chiron. He married the goddess Thetis, and was the father of the famed Achilles, whom he committed, while yet an infant, to the care of Chiron. Peleus joined the Argonauts in their expedition, and in their way they visited the Centaur, to see Achilles.

Then to the circling throng the horseman Peleus cried :-
"Mark, friends! yon shadowing crag, midway the mountain side:
Indulge my longing eyes; with me the cavern tread;

To mark how fares my boy, how gifted and how bred."

Pitho, a goddess of eloquence, worshipped by the Romans.
Phœbe, a name for Diana, as the Moon.

Phoebe, diademed with gold.

Penelope, the wife of Ulysses, and mother of Telemachus.


Pelion, a celebrated mountain of Thessaly, famous for its pine trees; it

was the resort of the Centaurs.

From the shore, the rocks and windy summits high

Of wood-topped Pelion rear their beacon midst the sky.

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