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Dardanus, the founder of Troy.

Th' Arunci told, that Dardanus, though born
On Latian plains, yet sought the Phrygian shore,
And Samothracia, Samos called before.
From Tuscan Corythum he claimed his birth:
But after, when exempt from mortal earth,
From thence ascended to his kindred skies

A god, and as a god, augments their sacrifice.


Europa, the daughter of Agenor, who was carried into Crete by Jupiter in the form of a white bull.

The world's best part shall speak thy fame,
And be distinguished by thy name.

Erebus, an infernal deity, son of Chaos and Nox.


Egeria, a nymph of Aricia in Italy; she particularly favoured Numa

with her counsels.

Envy, a malevolent goddess.

Lo! ill-rejoicing Envy, winged with lies,
Scattering calumnious rumours as she flies,
The steps of miserable men pursue,
With haggard aspect, blasting to the view.

Eleusinia, festivals sacred to Ceres.


Endymion, a youth beloved by Diana.

Eurus, the easterly wind.

Eurydice, the wife of Orpheus; after her death he descended to the infernal regions to recover her, and so charmed Pluto with the music of his lyre, that she was granted to his request; but, unfortunately

he looked at her before they arrived upon earth, contrary to the mandate of Pluto, and she instantly vanished from his sight.

Orpheus, mistrusting, lest her steps might stray,
And gladsome of the glimpse of dawning day,
His longing eyes, impatient, backward cast,
To catch a lover's look,-but looked his last;
For, instant dying, she again descends,
While he to empty air his arms extends.
Again she died, nor yet her lord reproved:

What could she say, but that too well he loved?

One last farewell she spoke, which scarce he heard,
So soon she dropped, so sudden disappeared.

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Erato, the muse who presided over lyric and amorous poetry; she is represented crowned with roses and myrtle, and holding a lyre in her hand.

In lyric numbers gods and heroes sound,

The swiftest horse is praised, the wrestler crowned:
Feasts, wine, and open mirth, or myrtle shades,
The cares of love, or tears of sighing maids.

Epione, the wife of Esculapius.


Erictho, a Thessalian sorceress.

Eridanus, a large river in Italy, now known as the Po.

Eris, the Greek name for Discordia.

Enna, the name of some beautiful plains in Sicily, from whence Proser

pine was carried away by Pluto.

Eros, a name for Cupid.

Eumaus, the herdsman and faithful follower of Ulysses.

Eurynome, the mother of the Graces, she was one of the Oceanides.

Old Ocean's daughter, amiablest of mien,

Euphrosyne, one of the Graces.


Euterpe, the muse who presided over music; she is usually represented crowned with flowers, and holding a flute in her hand.

Evarne, one of the Nereides.

Evarne, blest

With gracious nature, and with faultless form.


Elysium, the place where, according to the ancients, the souls of the happy reposed after death.

Long extended fields of pleasure lay,

The verdant fields with those of heaven may vie,

With ether vested, and a purple sky

The blissful seats of happy souls below:

Stars of their own, and their own suns they know.


Echidna, a monster descended from Chrysaor and Callirhoe, fabled to be the mother of Cerberus, Orthrus, the Hydra, and Chimera; she dwelt in caverns beneath the earth.

Echidna, the untameable of soul:

Above, a nymph with beauty blooming cheeks,
And eyes of jetty lustre; but, below,

A speckled serpent horrible and huge.


Fauna, a Roman deity; festivals were celebrated to her honour, called Faunalia.

Fates, the daughters of Erebus and Nox; their names were Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos.-Clotho held the distaff, Lachesis spun the thread of life, and Atropos, with her scissors, divided it.

Fates in vengeance pitiless:

Clotho, and Lachesis, and Atropos;
Who at the birth of men dispense the lot
Of good and evil. They of men and gods

The crimes pursue, nor ever pause from wrath
Tremendous, till destructive on the head
Of him that sins the retribution falls.


Fauns, sylvan deities, residing in woods and forests.

Feronia, a Roman goddess, who presided over woods and groves.

Fides, the goddess of faith and honesty, worshipped by the Romans. Numa instituted festivals to her honour.

Furies, the daughters of Nox and Acheron; their names were Alecto, Megæra, and Tisiphone; they are represented holding snakes and lighted torches.

Mis-shapen forms, tremendous to the sight,
Th' implacable, foul daughters of the night.
A sounding whip each bloody sister shakes,
Or from her tresses combs the curling snakes.


Gades, the ancient name of Cadiz; Hercules was from this place surnamed Gaditanus.

Galatea, a sea nymph, the daughter of Nereus and Doris.

Galaxy, the starry path in the heavens, generally known as the Via Lactea, or Milky Way.

A way there is in heaven's expanded plain,

Which, when the skies are clear, is seen below,
And mortals, by the name of Milky know.

The groundwork is of stars, through which the road
Lies open to the Thunderer's abode.

The gods of greater nations dwell around,

And on the right and left the palace bound;

The commons where they can; the nobler sort,

With winding-doors, wide open, front the court.


Graces, the three daughters of Jupiter and Eurynome; they were attendants upon Venus and the Muses.

The three Graces,

Beauteous of cheek: Euphrosyne, Aglaia,
And Thalia blithe: their eyelids, as they gaze,
Drop love, unnerving: and beneath the shade
Of their arched brows they steal the sidelong glance
Of sweetness.


Ganymede, a beautiful youth; he succeeded Hebe as cup-bearer to Jove. Genii, guardian angels; they were classed as good and evil.

Gordius, a king of Phrygia, famed for having tied a knot of cords, on which the empire of Asia was said to depend, in so intricate a manner, that Alexander the Great, being unable to untie it, cut it asunder with his sword.

Gorgons, the daughters of Phorcus and Ceto; they were called Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno, and had the power of turning into stones those whom they looked upon.

The Gorgons dwelling on the brink of night,
Beyond the sounding main, where, silver-voiced,
Th' Hesperian maidens, in their watches sing;
Stheno, Euryale, Medusa, these,

The last ill-fated, since of mortal date;
The two immortal, and unchanged by years.


Harpocrates, the god of silence; he was generally identified with the Egyptian Orus, the son of Osiris and Iris; and is represented as a young man, standing in a musing attitude, with his finger on his lips. Helicon, a famous mountain in Boeotia, frequented by Apollo and the Muses.

Hermes, a name of Mercury.

Helen, the most beautiful woman of the time in which she lived; she was the daughter of Jupiter and Leda, and was sought in marriage by all the Grecian princes; she espoused Menelaus, and from her desertion of her husband, the protracted war arose which desolated Troy. Theocritus thus describes her :

In shape, in height, in stately presence fair,
Straight as a furrow gliding from the share:
A cypress of the gardens, spiring high,
A courser in the cars of Thessaly.

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