« PreviousContinue »
Cerberus, the triple-headed dog, which kept the gates of hell.
A grisly dog, implacable,
Holds watch before the gates: a stratagem
For them with marking eye he lurks; on them
Clio, the muse who presided over history.
Castalides, a name of the muses, from the fountain Castalia, at the foot of Parnassus.
Cyclops, the workmen of Vulcan; their principal forges were beneath mount Etna.
The Cyclops brethren, arrogant of heart,
Who forged the lightning shaft, and gave to Jove
Save that a single ball of sight was fixed
In their mid-forehead. Cyclops was their name,
From that round eye-ball in their brow infixed;
And strength, and force, and manual craft were theirs.
Casseopeia, the wife of Cepheus, and mother of Andromeda; she was
made the southern constellation Casseopeia.
Chimera, a monster, destroyed by Bellerophon.
A mingled monster of no mortal kind;
Cecropia, the ancient name of Athens, from its founder Cecrops.
Chios, an island in the Ægean sea, famed for its wine.
Chronos, the Greek name of Saturn.
Cyclades, some of the fairest islands of the Archipelago, surrounding
By Naxos, famed for vintage, make our way;
That, scarce distinguished, seem to stud the seas.
Chaos, the rude and shapeless mass of matter, extending through illimitable space, and which, according to Hesiod, pre-existed the formation of the world.
A drear and ghastly wilderness, abhorred
E'en by the gods; a vast vacuity:
Might none the space of one slow circling year
Clotho, the youngest of the three Parcæ, or Fates; she presided over the entrance into life, of which she spun the thread: she is represented crowned with seven stars, arrayed in a variegated robe, and holding a distaff in her hand.
Clytea, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys; she was beloved by Apollo,
and, after his desertion of her, was metamorphosed into a sun-flower, which still evinces its adoration of the deity, by constantly bending towards him.
Cocytus, a river of Epirus; from its unwholesome water, and the doleful meaning of its name, it is generally classed with the rivers of hell. Colchis, a country of Asia, situated near the Euxine sea; it is memorable
for the expedition of the Argonauts in search of the golden fleece. Colossus, a brazen image of Apollo, as Phœbus, erected by the Rhodians;
it was 70 cubits, or 105 feet, in height, and was considered one of the wonders of the world.
Corcyra, an island in the Ionian sea, famed for the shipwreck of Ulysses; it has successively borne the names of Dupane, Scheria, and Phæacia, and is now called Corfu.
Cottus, Briareus, and Gyges, three giant sons of Cœlus and Terra.
Giant brethren, whom, from forth th' abyss
Of darkness under earth, deliverer Jove
Sent up to light: grim forms and strong, with force
Burst from their shoulders: fifty heads up sprang,
Corybantes, priests of Cybele, entrusted with the nurture of Jupiter. Caduceus, the rod which Apollo presented to Mercury, in exchange for his lyre; it was entwined with serpents, and had two wings; with this symbol Mercury conducted the souls of the dead to the nearer shores of Styx.
Creta, a large island lying southward of the Cyclades; once famed for its hundred cities. It is now called Candia.
Cyprus, a large island in the Mediterranean, which, according to Pliny, once joined the continent; it was peculiarly sacred to Venus, who had two temples there.
Cyprus, to love's ambrosial goddess dear,
And loves the favourite seas from whence she rose.
Creusa, a daughter of Priam and Hecuba; she married Æneas, and was the mother of Ascanius.
Cycnus, a son of Sthenelus; he was so fondly attached to his relation
Phaeton, and lamented him so acutely, that the gods in compassion changed him into a swan.
Cycnus loved unhappy Phæton,
And sung his loss in poplar groves alone,
Dryades, the daughters of Nereus and Doris; they presided over woods. Daphne, a nymph beloved by Apollo, and changed into a laurel, which was thence sacred to him.
I espouse thee for my tree:
Be thou the prize of honour and renown;
The grateful tree was pleased with what he said,
Discordia, the goddess of contention.
Delos, the island where Apollo was born, and had a famous oracle: some writers assert that Asteria was transformed into this island.
Dodona, a Grecian city, remarkable for containing an oracle sacred to
Bleak Dodona's vocal hill,
Demo, the Cumæan Sybil.
Delphi, a town near mount Parnassus, where Apollo had a celebrated oracle: the fumes which issued from the cave, over which the temple sacred to Apollo was erected, intoxicated those who inhaled them. Deucalion, a son of Prometheus, and king of Thessaly, who with his wife Pyrrha being saved from the general deluge, restored the human race, by casting behind them stones, in compliance with the injunctions of the oracle of Themis.
They two were human kind,-
The most upright of mortal men was he,
Dido, a daughter of Belus, king of Tyre; she was the foundress of Carthage. According to Virgil, she destroyed herself in despair when Æneas forsook her.
Dione, the mother of Venus.
Dis, a name of Pluto.
Dirce, a woman who was changed into a fountain near Thebes, for her cruelty to Antiope.
Bætia, robbed of silver Dirce, mourns.